Nonpoint Source Restoration and Protection (formerly "Shoreland Stewardship")

Project Details by Fiscal Year
2018 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$950,000
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,000,000
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,000,000
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,000,000
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,000,000
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,220,000
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,220,000
2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$250,000
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$250,000
Fund Source
Clean Water Fund
Status
In Progress
Start Date
July 2009
Activity Type
Demonstration/Pilot Project
Education/Outreach/Engagement
Technical Assistance
Preservation
Restoration/Enhancement
Counties Affected
Statewide
Legal Citation / Subdivision
M.L. 2017, Regular Session, Ch. 91, Art. 2, Sec. 6(f)
Appropriation Language

$950,000 the first year and $950,000 the second year are for technical assistance to support local implementation of nonpoint source restoration and protection activities.

2018 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$950,000
Measurable Outcome(s)

Technical assistance to local implementation efforts:In FY18, DNR regional staff will continue helping local governments identify, prioritize, develop, target, design, and implement clean water projects, leading to more enduring water quality and other environmental benefits.Conservation planning assistance: DNR regional staff will participate in each of the 14 One watershed One Plan (1W1P) projects that will be active in FY18. This work will include actively participating in 1W1P advisory committee meetings, providing DNR priorities to local governments, and reviewing drafts of key sections of each plan under way. Where invited, DNR staff will also continue using the Zonation conservation planning model to help communities identify water quality and water management priorities, as part of 1W1P projects or community engagement in the development of watershed restoration and protection strategies (WRAPS).Forest Stewardship Plans: In FY18, the DNR will continue to provide forest stewardship plans to landowners in targeted watersheds. Work will shift into the Pine River Watershed to leverage a grant from the U.S. Forest Service.Outreach & education:In FY18, DNR staff will continue educational and outreach efforts to enhance water managers’ and stakeholders’ understanding of watershed health, the root causes of water quality problems, and solutions that provide multiple benefits.

Legal Citation / Subdivision
M.L. 2015, First Special Session, Ch. 2, Art. 2, Sec. 6(f)
Appropriation Language

(f) $1,000,000 the first year and $1,000,000 the second year are for technical assistance to support local implementation of nonpoint source restoration and protection activities.

2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,000,000
Direct expenses
$742,515
Administration costs
$100,753
Number of full time equivalents funded
6.3
Proposed Measurable Outcome(s)

Technical assistance to local implementation efforts: DNR staff will continue helping local government units (LGUs) identify, prioritize, develop, target, design, and implement clean water projects, leading to more enduring water quality and other environmental benefits.Conservation planning assistance: We will join advisory committees for 7 new One watershed One Plan (1W1P) projects and comment on draft and final plans developed by LGUs in 5 1W1P pilot projects. We will continue using the Zonation conservation planning model to help communities identify water quality and water management priorities where invited by the MN Pollution Control Agency (MPCA) or LGUs engaged in 1W1P or watershed restoration and protection strategy (WRAPS) efforts.Connecting water quality and land use: In two Upper Mississippi River Basin watersheds, we will pilot tools to help LGUs and the MPCA incorporate local land use ordinance information and strategies in WRAPS reports, and begin refining these tools for use in other watersheds. We will develop a webpage with ideas for updating local ordinances to include beyond-minimum standards for protecting water quality. We will complete and disseminate a fact sheet for permit applicants about designing culverts that protect floodplains.Forest Stewardship Plans: We will continue working with landowners, Soil and Water Conservation Districts (SWCDs), and consultant foresters to write up to 30 stewardship plans covering an estimated 30,000 acres of forested land in targeted watersheds. This work may expand into the Pine and Kettle River watersheds.Outreach & education: We will continue educational and outreach efforts to enhance water managers’ and stakeholders’ understanding of aspects of watershed health. This will include presentations at small venues throughout the state as well as large statewide conferences.

Measurable Outcome(s)

Technical assistance to local implementation projects: In FY17, staff assisted local governments with more than 85 water quality projects in 28 watersheds. We helped target 35 projects in 18 major watersheds. This work leads to more lasting water quality results and other environmental outcomes.Conservation planning assistance: We provided early input on 39 local water planning efforts and 11 local land use planning efforts involving 37 watersheds. We participated in all 12 of the One Watershed One Plan (1W1P) projects active that year; we reviewed plans for 4 of the 5 pilot projects, provided input on the remaining pilot and communicated priorities to 7 new projects. In 5 watersheds where invited, we led communities in identifying priorities using the Zonation conservation planning model. We updated the DNR Shoreland Model Ordinance with options that provide better water quality protection, and disseminated this information to planners. Several counties are now exploring ordinance updates using the model. In 2 watersheds staff began testing a shoreland protection analysis tool to help identify opportunities to strengthen existing ordinances. We finalized and disseminated a package of information on “floodplain culverts,” an approach to infrastructure design at road-river crossings that takes stream stability and floodplain connectivity into account.Outreach & education: We gave about 30 presentations to over 800 water managers, land use planners, engineers, and others. Venues ranged from local and regional meetings to large statewide conferences. Forest Stewardship Plans:Wed worked with landowners, Soil and Water Conservation Districts, and consultant foresters to write 43 forest stewardship plans covering 4,287 acres in targeted watersheds with lakes that are home to tullibee, an important prey fish that requires cold, clean water. We also targeted plans and project work to forested watersheds in parts of southeastern Minnesota.

Legal Citation / Subdivision
M.L. 2015, First Special Session, Ch. 2, Art. 2, Sec. 6(f)
Appropriation Language

(f) $1,000,000 the first year and $1,000,000 the second year are for technical assistance to support local implementation of nonpoint source restoration and protection activities.

2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,000,000
Direct expenses
$674,676
Administration costs
$99,317
Number of full time equivalents funded
6.3
Proposed Measurable Outcome(s)

In FY16, DNR staff will continue to work with local governments to identify priority areas for targeting actions to protect and improve water quality, including continuation/completion of the five One Watershed One Plan (1W1P) pilot projects. We will continue to use and adapt the Zonation model and associated surveys to create conservation priority maps for the following watersheds: Mississippi River-Headwaters and Cannon Rivers. DNR foresters will work with Soil and Water Conservation Districts and consultant foresters to write stewardship plans for forested land in targeted watersheds including an expansion of tullibee lakes from new counties and more work on the Healthy Forests for Healthy Water project in southeast Minnesota.

Measurable Outcome(s)

Technical assistance to local implementation efforts: DNR staff assisted local governments (LGUs) with water quality projects in 49 watersheds. We helped design over 80 projects; identify, prioritize, or find funding or partners for potential projects in over 25 watersheds; target effective sites for over 35 projects; and improve water quality protection measures in local ordinances in 8 watersheds. This work leads to more enduring water quality and other environmental outcomes.Conservation planning assistance: We advised 5 One Watershed One Plan pilot projects, supplying often substantial technical data on request. We led communities in using the Zonation conservation planning model to identify priorities in 3 watersheds where invited by LGUs or the MN Pollution Control Agency (MPCA).Connecting water quality and land use: We started developing several new products: Tools to help LGUs and the MPCA add local land use ordinance information and strategies to watershed restoration and protection strategy (WRAPS) reports; an inventory of local ordinances with beyond-minimum standards that protect water quality; a model ordinance that includes some of these higher standards; and a fact sheet for permit applicants about designing culverts that protect floodplains.Forest Stewardship Plans: We worked with landowners, Soil and Water Conservation Districts and consultant foresters to write 42 forest stewardship plans covering 3,743 acres in targeted watersheds with lakes that are home to tullibee—an important prey fish that needs cold, clean water to survive. We also targeted plans to forested watersheds in parts of southeastern MN to improve water quality in streams and rivers.Outreach & education: We reached well over 800 water managers and stakeholders in educational presentations, posters, and newsletter articles on watershed health topics. Audiences at 35 or so presentations ranged from small groups in over 12 watersheds to large statewide conferences.

Legal Citation / Subdivision
M.L. 2013, Ch. 137, Art. 2, Sec. 6(f)
Appropriation Language

$1,000,000 the first year and $1,000,000
the second year are for technical assistance
to support local implementation of nonpoint
source restoration and protection activities,
including water quality protection in forested
watersheds.

2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,000,000
Direct expenses
$915,714
Administration costs
$94,779
Number of full time equivalents funded
6.3
Proposed Measurable Outcome(s)

In FY15, staff will continue to help local governments identify, target, and design implementation projects to protect and restore water quality. Staff will also participate in One Watershed One Plan interagency core teams for pilot watershed projects. The 4-step zonation framework will be applied and adapted in additional watersheds, including the Mississippi River –Winona, Leech Lake River, Middle Minnesota River, and St. Louis River. We will also apply the framework in the Lake Superior- North watershed at the invitation of the MN Board of Water and Soil Resources as part of the One Watershed One Plan pilot projects in those watersheds. Staff will also continue to enhance local capacity by building understanding of watershed systems through presentations and workshops. DNR foresters will work with Soil and Water Conservation Districts and additional landowners to write stewardship plans for forested land in targeted watersheds.

Measurable Outcome(s)

In FY15, DNR staff worked with state agency partners and assisted local governments on clean water restoration and protection issues. We participated in five One Watershed, One Plan pilot programs (Red Lake River, Root River, Lake Superior North, North Fork Crow River, Yellow Medicine River, and Root River. In each watershed, one lead staff person (supported by the Clean Water Fund) served as the DNR’s main contact on the locally-led technical advisory team so that our agency’s participation was streamlined, efficient, and effective.We worked with local governments to help develop 58 project ideas that will provide water quality and other ecosystem benefits. We provided technical assistance with funding, design, or implementation on 79 specific water quality projects in 30 watersheds. The result is water quality projects that are selected, located and designed for long-term sustainability. We also developed new model ordinances with higher standards for water quality and worked on approaches to identify priorities for protection of lakes and rivers. As part of this work with communities, we gave 36 different presentations for local communities or groups to build their understanding of watersheds. In total, 1175 people attended these presentations and workshops. DNR staff worked with local governments to identify priority areas for targeting actions to protect and improve water quality. We used Zonation, a value-based model, with surveys and a mapping exercise to produce priority maps for 5 watersheds.DNR foresters worked with landowners, soil and water conservation districts (SWCDs) and consultant foresters to write 23 forest stewardship plans covering 3,058 acres in targeted watersheds of lakes that are home to tullibee, an important prey fish that requires cold, clean water to survive. We are also doing targeted forest stewardship in southeast Minnesota to improve water quality in streams and rivers.

Legal Citation / Subdivision
M.L. 2013, Ch. 137, Art. 2, Sec. 6(f)
Appropriation Language

$1,000,000 the first year and $1,000,000
the second year are for technical assistance
to support local implementation of nonpoint
source restoration and protection activities,
including water quality protection in forested
watersheds.

2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,000,000
Direct expenses
$734,146
Administration costs
$69,391
Number of full time equivalents funded
6.6
Proposed Measurable Outcome(s)

In FY14, DNR staff will continue to work with state agency partners and assist local governments on clean water restoration and protection issues. Work will be a continuation of the outcomes stated for FY13.

Measurable Outcome(s)

In FY14, DNR staff worked with state agency partners and assisted local governments on clean water restoration and protection efforts, enhancing locally led projects through expertise in hydrology, geomorphology, and biology.Field staff helped strategically target conservation for 68 project ideas that will yield water quality and other ecosystem benefits, and provided technical assistance on funding, design, or implementation for 84 projects. The result is water quality projects selected, sited and designed for long-term sustainability. For example, DNR consulted with several local governments about a natural-channel approach to stream channel stabilization, which lasts longer and enhances habitat more than traditional armoring of stream banks. Field staff also worked with 44 communities or groups to build understanding of watersheds and enhance capacity to address water quality challenges through presentations and workshops attended by over 1,120 people.Foresters worked with landowners and SWCDs to write 92 forest stewardship plans covering 10,141 acres in targeted watersheds – a dramatic increase in the number of plans in these watersheds, which drain to sensitive lakes home to tullibee, an important prey fish that requires cold, clean water to survive. Forest stewardship plans increase landowners’ eligibility for land protection programs and improve forest health, which is integral to protecting high quality lakes.Staff helped local governments identify priority areas for targeting actions to protect and improve water quality using a framework that includes Zonation, a value-based model; surveys of hundreds of people to determine how much they value specific conservation features; and a peer-review mapping exercise to synthesize personal knowledge about water quality risks and vulnerabilities in specific locations. Priority area maps were produced for the Chippewa River, Mississippi River-St. Cloud, and Yellow Medicine River watersheds.

Legal Citation / Subdivision
M.L. 2011, First Special Session, Ch. 6, Art. 2, Sec. 6(g)
Appropriation Language

$1,725,000 the first year and $1,725,000 the second year are for shoreland stewardship, TMDL implementation coordination, providing technical assistance to the Drainage Work Group and Drainage Management Team, and maintaining and updating data. Of this amount, $235,000 each year is for maintaining and updating watershed boundaries and integrating high-resolution digital elevation data with watershed modeling and $40,000 each year is for a biomonitoring database. TMDL implementation coordination efforts shall be focused on major watersheds with TMDL implementation plans, including forested watersheds.

2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,220,000
Direct expenses
$570,678
Administration costs
$69,821
Number of full time equivalents funded
5.0
Proposed Measurable Outcome(s)

In FY13, DNR staff will continue to work with state agency partners and assist local governments on clean water restoration and protection issues. Field staff will promote strategies that benefit clean water as well as habitat and other ecosystem values through education, technical help, and partnership. This work will use natural resource information and conservation targeting tools to maximize conservation investments by matching the right strategies in the right places. DNR will be a partner in building local capacity so that local governments are supported in: better understanding watershed systems; incorporating watershed information and analysis into local water and watershed plans; and targeting, designing, funding, and implementing clean water restoration and protection strategies.DNR foresters and Soil and Water Conservation Districts will work with landowners in watersheds of sensitive lakes in 7 counties to: write 50 forest stewardship plans totaling 7,000 acres; and distribute $45,000 in cost share funding for private forest management activities. The result will be an increase in land eligible for enrollment in land protection programs and an increase in forest health which is integral to protecting high quality lakes.

Measurable Outcome(s)

In FY13, DNR staff worked with state agency partners and assisted local governments on clean water restoration and protection issues. DNR brings expertise in hydrology, geomorphology, and biology that enhances local projects so that conservation investments give maximum water quality and ecosystem benefits.Field staff worked with local governments to strategically target conservation for 58 project ideas that will provide water quality and other ecosystem benefits, and they provided technical assistance with funding, design, or implementation on 127 specific water quality projects. The result is water quality projects that are selected, located and designed for long-term sustainability. For example, DNR consulted with a number of local governments to use a natural channel design approach to stream channel stabilization projects; this type of project lasts longer and provides better habitat benefits than traditional armoring of stream banks. Field staff also worked with 32 communities or groups to build their understanding of watersheds and enhance their capacity through presentations and workshops that were attended by a total of over 1,150 people.DNR foresters worked with landowners and County Soil and Water Conservation Districts to write 59 forest stewardship plans covering 6,458 acres of forested land in targeted watersheds. This represents an 80% increase in the number of stewardship plans in the targeted watersheds, which drain to sensitive lakes that are home to populations of tulibee, an important fish that requires cold, clean water to survive. The forest stewardship plans will increase eligibility for enrollment in land protection programs and result in an increase in forest health, which is integral to protecting high quality lakes.

Legal Citation / Subdivision
M.L. 2011, First Special Session, Ch. 6, Art. 2, Sec. 6(g)
Appropriation Language

$1,725,000 the first year and $1,725,000 the second year are for shoreland stewardship, TMDL implementation coordination, providing technical assistance to the Drainage Work Group and Drainage Management Team, and maintaining and updating data. Of this amount, $235,000 each year is for maintaining and updating watershed boundaries and integrating high-resolution digital elevation data with watershed modeling and $40,000 each year is for a biomonitoring database. TMDL implementation coordination efforts shall be focused on major watersheds with TMDL implementation plans, including forested watersheds.

2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,220,000
Direct expenses
$276,675
Administration costs
$176,489
Number of full time equivalents funded
9.0
Proposed Measurable Outcome(s)

In FY 12, DNR will provide assistance to local governments, shoreland and woodland owners on clean water restoration and protection issues. DNR will expand the number of people working to promote strategies that benefit clean water as well as habitat and other ecosystem values through education, technical help, and partnership. This work will use natural resource information and conservation targeting tools to maximize conservation investments by matching the right strategies in the right places. DNR will help local governments design, get funding, and implement clean water strategies. DNR Foresters will work with property owners in priority areas within the central lakes region to write stewardship plans and promote enrollment in land protection programs.

Measurable Outcome(s)

In FY12, DNR staff worked with state agency partners and assisted local governments on clean water restoration and protection issues. DNR brings expertise in hydrology, geomorphology, and biology that enhances local projects so that conservation investments give maximum water quality and ecosystem benefits.Field staff worked with 18 local governments on strategically targeting conservation work for water quality and other ecosystem benefits, and provided technical assistance with funding, design, or implementation on 48 individual water quality projects. The result is water quality projects that are selected, located and designed for long-term sustainability. For example, DNR consulted with a number of local governments to use a natural channel design approach to stream channel stabilization projects, this type of project lasts longer and provides better habitat benefits than traditional armoring of stream banks.Field staff also worked with 24 communities or groups to build their understanding of watersheds and enhance their capacity through presentations and workshops that were attended by a total of over 850 people.

Legal Citation / Subdivision
M.L. 2009, Ch. 172, Art. 2, Sec. 5(g)
Appropriation Language

$250,000 the first year and $250,000 the second year are for nonpoint source restoration and protection activities.

2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$250,000
Proposed Measurable Outcome(s)

In FY11, DNR hydrologists will continue the workshops and implementation projects started in the south and east parts of the state in FY10. Fisheries staff in southwestern Minnesota will partner with the Blue Earth Soil and Water Conservation District and to promote aquatic habitat conservation practices with local landowners. DNR will also adapt the CD-Rom "Restore Your Shore" into a new interactive website to make this useful information accessible to a broader audience.

Measurable Outcome(s)

In FY11, hydrologists and fisheries staff worked with local governments and property owners on clean water restoration and protection issues in the south and east parts of the state:*Presented clean water strategies information at 9 workshops, tours, and other events, including 6 "Our Water, Our Choices" workshops led by DNR and attended by 93 people, including local officials.*Participated in St. Croix MIDS (Minimal Impact Design Standards) pilot steering committee. This project will help cities establish policies and programs that will give them a path to compliance with, and a method for calculating credits for, certain state stormwater requirements.*Assisted with funding coordination, design, or installation of 10 restoration projects, including 4 river restoration projects, 2 raingardens, one wetland restoration, two native prairies, and a high velocity fish barrier. *Adapted the CD-Rom "Restore Your Shore" to an internet-based application that allows users to interactively explore ways that shoreline property owners can create, enhance, or protect healthy shorelines for habitat and clean water. The website includes step by step instructions for shoreland restoration and an online interactive plant selection tool.* Worked with local governments to provide information, guidance, and technical assistance to landowners regarding conservation assistance, easements and conservation projects. This work resulted in permanently protecting 348.8 acres of riparian land and floodplains through conservation easements.

Legal Citation / Subdivision
M.L. 2009, Ch. 172, Art. 2, Sec. 5(g)
Appropriation Language

$250,000 the first year and $250,000 the second year are for nonpoint source restoration and protection activities.

2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$250,000
Proposed Measurable Outcome(s)

In FY10, DNR will provide assistance to local governments and shoreland owners on clean water restoration and protection issues. This work will be done primarily in two areas of the state. In the south, DNR a hydrologist will lead the development and presentation of a workshop series, "Our Water, Our Choices" for citizens and local officials, and work with local groups on clean water projects. In the St. Croix Basin, a hydrologist will work partners and local communities to promote and implemement best management practices for clean water.

Measurable Outcome(s)

In FY10, DNR hydrologists provided assistance to local governments and shoreland owners on clean water restoration and protection issues:* Presented clean water strategies information at 22 workshops, tours, and other events, including 10 "Our Water, Our Choices" workshops led by DNR and attended by 257 people, including local officials.* Worked with partners to design and install 3 raingardens to capture runoff and prevent downstream pollution.*Provided technical assistance and input to local partners on clean water strategies including agricultural best management practices and municipal stormwater infrastructure.* Worked with Crow Organization of Waters on two river restorations near Forest City and Hutchinson.* Coordinated and executed the High Island Lake drawdown in Sibley County with a collaborative of lake association, local, and federal partners.* Restored two lakeshore lots on Lake Jennie as part of a hands-on shoreline restoration workshop.* Developed and distributed informational materials about shorelines, raingardens, and agricultural best management practices.

Project Overview

This project works with local partners that implement conservation project to provide learning opportunities, technical help, and grants that result in cleaner water through healthier watersheds and shorelands. The DNR's natural resource experts help prioritize conservation areas and target project locations so they improve water quality while providing habitat and other benefits. Stream experts provide designs for stream projects that provide long-term stability by using natural features. Land use program experts work with communities to establish and implement zoning policies that keep intensive land uses out of sensitive areas like shorelands and floodplains, and provide permanent protection for high priority areas. Finally, foresters work with land owners to write and implement forest stewardship plans in watersheds of lakes that support cisco, an important fish that requires cold, clean water thrive and which serve as food for walleye and other game fish.

About the Issue

Healthy shorelands and watersheds are critical for healthy lakes. The shoreland - the area where the land meets the water - is home to the majority of plants and animals in the lake ecosystem. Trees, shrubs, and deep-rooted native grasses and wildflowers prevent erosion of the shoreline and trap dirt, excess phosphorus, and other pollution from entering the lake. However, many of our shoreland ecosystems have been severely degraded by replacement of native vegetation with turf grass or crops. These land uses, both on the shoreline and in the watershed (the area of land that drains to the water body) strongly influence the health of our lakes, streams and wetlands. By working with people that make or influence decisions about how the land is treated, we provide learning opportunities and technical help for restoration and protection of shorelands and watersheds.

Project Manager
First Name
Barbara
Last Name
Weisman
Organization Name
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources
Street Address
500 Lafayette Road
City
Saint Paul
Zip Code
55155
Phone
651-259-5147
Email
Barbara.Weisman@state.mn.us