Minnesota's Legacy

All Projects

Showing 1 - 40 of 65 | Export projects
Recipient
DNR
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,790,000
Fund Source

Many of Minnesota's wetlands have been lost and the remainder degraded.  The original proposal planned for 15,000 acres of wetland/shallow lake enhancement to provide critical habitat for each life stage of waterfowl and wetland wildlife.  The six projects subsequently completed with this appropriation enhanced 13,800 acres of wetlands and shallow lakes in the Prarie and Forest/Prairie Ecosections of Minnestoa.

Aitkin
Becker
Benton
Big Stone
Freeborn
Jackson
Kittson
Lac qui Parle
Le Sueur
Lincoln
Mille Lacs
Nicollet
Polk
Roseau
Todd
Wilkin
Recipient
Minnesota Geological Survey
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$615,000
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$615,000
Fund Source

This project will accelerate production of County Geologic Atlases (part A). An atlas is a set of geologic maps and associated databases for a county that facilitate informed management of natural resources, especially water and minerals.

Brown
Cass
Dodge
Hennepin
Isanti
Lake
Redwood
St. Louis
Wadena
Washington
2019 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$501,438
2018 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$613,201
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$736,809
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$640,271
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$711,218
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$732,000
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$393,000
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$412,250
Fund Source

“Acquiring Land and Creating Opportunities - A Parks and Trails Strategic Objective” is a program area representing DNR’s commitment to one of the four pillars identified in the 25 year Legacy plan. The Legacy plan identifies its purpose to ‘create new and expanded park and trail opportunities to satisfy current customers as well as to reach out to new ones’.

Statewide
Recipient
Farmers, Rural Landowners, and Agricultural Supply Businesses
2019 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$75,000
2018 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$75,000
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$75,000
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$75,000
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$200,000
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$200,000
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$4,500,000
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$4,500,000
2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$2,500,000
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$2,000,000
Fund Source

The AgBMP Loan Program provides needed funding for local implementation of clean water practices at an extremely low cost, is unique in its structure and is not duplicated by any other source of funding.The AgBMP loan program provides 3% loans through local lenders to farmers, rural landowners, and agriculture supply businesses.

Anoka
Becker
Blue Earth
Brown
Carver
Cook
Cottonwood
Dakota
Dodge
Douglas
Faribault
Fillmore
Freeborn
Goodhue
Grant
Houston
Hubbard
Jackson
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Le Sueur
Lincoln
Lyon
Martin
Morrison
Mower
Murray
Nicollet
Olmsted
Pipestone
Pope
Redwood
Renville
Rice
Rock
Scott
Sherburne
Sibley
St. Louis
Stearns
Steele
Stevens
Todd
Traverse
Wabasha
Waseca
Washington
Watonwan
Winona
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Shell Rock River Watershed District
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$700,000
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,127,000
Fund Source

The Albert Lea Lake Management project replaced the previous Albert Lea Lake fix-crest dam with a 3-in-1 structure that included a rock riffle dam, a lake level management structure, and an electric fish barrier. The benefits from this project include improved aquatic and waterfowl habitat, invasive species management, and improved desirable fish populations.

Freeborn
Recipient
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Ecological and Water Resources
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$2,177,000
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$2,513,000

To address the problems caused by invasive species, the 1991 Minnesota Legislature directed the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (DNR) to establish the Invasive Species Program. The program is designed to implement actions to prevent the spread of invasive species and manage invasive aquatic plants and wild animals (Minnesota Statutes 84D).
The three primary goals of the DNR Invasive Species Program are to:
1. Prevent the introduction of new invasive species into Minnesota.
2. Prevent the spread of invasive species within Minnesota.

2019 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,375,000
2018 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,375,000
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,375,000
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,375,000
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,375,000
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,375,000
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,500,000
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,500,000
2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$525,000
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$600,000
Fund Source

The DNR is working with local communities and an interagency team to define, prioritize, and establish groundwater management areas in Minnesota. Groundwater management areas will have increased data collection and monitoring that allow the state and local communities to understand water supplies, uses, limitations, and threats to natural resources that depend on groundwater. This information will support detailed aquifer protection plans that ensure equitable and sustainable groundwater and drinking water use for the future.

Statewide
Recipient
RESPEC
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$40,000
Fund Source
There are two main goals of this Cedar Basin HSPF project, A. Overall development of the HSPF model in the Cedar Basin of Minnesota; and B. Shell Rock River nutrient, DO , impairment modeling and TMDL completion.
Dodge
Freeborn
Mower
Steele
Recipient
Red Lake Watershed District
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$185,473
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$100,000
Fund Source

The overall goal is to develop a Watershed Restoration and Protection Strategy (WRAPS) Report and Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) Study that will address water quality impairments and maintain or improve water quality throughout the Clearwater River watershed. The study will identify sources of pollutants to the streams and lakes, allocate pollution reduction goals, and prioritize and identify implementation strategies to maintain or improve water quality in key lakes and streams in the watershed.

Beltrami
Clearwater
Mahnomen
Pennington
Polk
Red Lake
2019 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$452,466
2018 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$433,189
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$311,005
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$493,555
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$266,707
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$274,500
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$182,750
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$182,750
Fund Source

“Connecting People to the Outdoors- A Parks and Trails Strategic Objective” is a program area representing DNR’s commitment to one of the four pillars identified in the 25 year Legacy plan. The Legacy plan identifies its purpose to ‘better develop Minnesota’s stewards of tomorrow through efforts to increase life-long participation in parks and trails.’

Statewide
Recipient
DNR
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$3,860,000
Fund Source

The Conservation Partners Legacy Grant Program  (CPL) is managed by the Department of Natural Resources to provide competitive matching grants of up to $400,000 to local, regional, state, and national non-profit organizations, including governments.

2019 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$125,000
2018 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$125,000
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$250,000
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$250,000
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$615,000
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$615,000
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$0
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$0
2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$0
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,000,000
Fund Source

The DNR works with the Minnesota Geological Survey (MGS) to convey valuable geologic and groundwater information and interpretations to government units at all levels, but particularly to local governments, private organizations and citizens.

Statewide
Recipient
DNR
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$2,220,000
Fund Source

The following table provides a short summary of the accomplishments under this appropriation.  In total, the DNR enhanced and restored 283 sites for a total of 17,087 acres.  

Activity                     Sites             Acres
Diversity Seeding      42               1,031
Prescribed Burn        148            10,365
Restorations               4                    144
Woody Removal       92                 5,666

Becker
Beltrami
Big Stone
Blue Earth
Brown
Clay
Cottonwood
Douglas
Faribault
Fillmore
Goodhue
Grant
Houston
Jackson
Kandiyohi
Kittson
Lac qui Parle
Lyon
Marshall
Martin
Nobles
Norman
Otter Tail
Polk
Pope
Redwood
Renville
Rice
Roseau
Sibley
Stevens
Swift
Traverse
Wabasha
Winona
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Minnesota Department of Health
2019 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,100,000
2018 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,100,000
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,100,000
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,100,000
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,150,000
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,150,000
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,020,000
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,020,000
2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$744,717
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$250,291
Fund Source

The Drinking Water Contaminants of Emerging Concern (CEC) program identifies environmental contaminants for which current health-based standards currently do not exist or need to be updated, investigate the potential for human exposure to these chemicals, and develop guidance values for drinking water. Contaminants evaluated by CEC staff include contaminants that have been released or detected in Minnesota waters (surface water and groundwater) or that have the potential to migrate to or be detected in Minnesota waters.

Statewide
Recipient
University of Minnesota
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$154,038
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$100,000
Fund Source

The principal goal of this project is to fill critical data gaps and to establish a participatory watershed management framework for the Duluth Metropolitan Area (DMA) that mimics the statewide Watershed Restoration and Protection Strategy (WRAPS) process.

St. Louis
Recipient
United States Geological Survey (USGS)
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$55,157
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$380,930
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$18,060
Fund Source

This project will determine the magnitude and frequency of contamination from endocrine active compounds (EAC's) and other contaminants of emerging concern in shallow groundwater in non-agricultural areas of Minnesota. EACs and other contaminants of emerging concern in this study include compounds typically found in waste water, including, pharmaceutical compounds, antibiotics, and hormones. This project supports the third phase, including laboratory analysis of samples for an additional 80 wells to be sampled by MPCA staff.

Statewide
2019 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$135,000
2018 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$135,000
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$135,000
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$135,000
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$135,000
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$135,000
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$130,000
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$130,000
2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$132,000
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$130,000
Fund Source

The DNR works with the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency and the Minnesota Department of Health to determine the level of contamination from mercury and other harmful chemicals in fish from Minnesota's lakes and rivers and to track the success of efforts to reduce mercury pollution. Clean Water Legacy funding is being used to significantly increase (more than double) the number of lakes and rivers that are assessed for mercury contamination on an annual basis. Fish are collected during DNR fishery surveys, processed for laboratory testing, and analyzed for contaminants.

Statewide
Recipient
RESPEC
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$250,000
Fund Source

The goal of this project is to complete the calibration/validation process of Hydrologic Simulation FORTRAN (HSPF) watershed models for the Lake of the Woods/Rainy River Basin.

Cook
Koochiching
Lake
Lake of the Woods
Roseau
St. Louis
Recipient
AQUA TERRA Consultants
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$50,000
Fund Source
Development of Target NPS loading rates along with a pollutant source allocation tool for assessing and quantifying source allocations for impaired stream reaches for use in the TMDL development.
Statewide
Recipient
RESPEC
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$128,887
Fund Source
The goal of this project is to extend the existing HSPF models through 2012 in the Chippewa Watershed (07020005) and Hawk-Yellow Medicine Watershed (07020004) to incorporate recent monitoring data to support current MPCA business needs and sediment source investigations.
Blue Earth
Brown
Carver
Chippewa
Cottonwood
Dakota
Douglas
Faribault
Freeborn
Hennepin
Kandiyohi
Le Sueur
Lincoln
Lyon
McLeod
Murray
Nicollet
Otter Tail
Pipestone
Pope
Renville
Rice
Scott
Sibley
Steele
Swift
Waseca
Watonwan
Yellow Medicine
2019 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$886,996
2018 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,047,050
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$274,364
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$675,000
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$539,510
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$476,600
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$472,773
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$472,773
2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$500,000
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$700,000
Fund Source

This on-going program is for detecting, mapping and controlling invasive plant species and re-establishing native vegetation in their place on lands administered by the Division of Parks and Trails. Control of invasive plant species furthers progress to preserve and restore the quality of native plant communities on Parks and Trails lands as well as helps prevent the spread of invasives to new locations.

Statewide
Recipient
Isanti County
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$37,900
Fund Source

Provide funding to counties to assist low-income homeowners with needed Subsurface Sewage Treatment Systems (SSTS) upgrades to protect public health and the environment.

Isanti
Recipient
Koochiching County Soil and Water Conservation District
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$73,777
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$181,976
Fund Source

The Koochiching County SWCD staff will collect water chemistry and field parameters at specific times to determine amount of contaminant load into each stream. These sites will coincide with locations where stream flow data is also being collected. This project will focus on watershed load monitoring in both the Big Fork and Little Fork River watersheds.

Itasca
Koochiching
St. Louis
Recipient
Minnesota Department of Health
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$105,000
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$105,000
Fund Source

The Lake Superior Beach Monitoring and Notification Program exists to test recreational beach water and notify the public if bacteria levels become unsafe. This project will expand the Beach Program to include additional outreach efforts, sanitary surveys and testing of new technologies to improve the Beach Program. Monitoring results will be used to inform the public, find the sources of bacterial contamination and address polluted runoff from improper waste disposal.

Cook
Lake
St. Louis
2019 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$399,148
2018 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$333,128
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$508,851
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$214,000
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$650,915
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$729,000
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$311,829
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$311,829
2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$546,000
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$654,000
Fund Source

This program is to restore acres of state parks and trails land to native plant communities. MS 86A.05 directs PAT to preserve, perpetuate and restore natural features in state parks that were present in the area of the park at the time of European settlement. Approximately 31 restoration projects have been completed, are in progress, or will be implemented in the spring of 2012, at over 20 state park units. These projects total 1,283 acres.

Recipient
Emmons & Oliver Resources (EOR)
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$100,006
Fund Source
This project will develop and finalize the WRAPS for the Little Fork River Watershed.
Itasca
Koochiching
Recipient
DNR and USFWS
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,710,000
Fund Source

The Lower Mississippi River Habitat Partnership included three distinct project components. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service enhanced 700 acres of wetland and bottomland forest habitat on the Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge’s (Refuge) Root River Tract in Houston County.

Dakota
Goodhue
Houston
2019 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,417,177
2018 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,406,456
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,456,863
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,438,933
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$803,121
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$823,500
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$570,000
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$595,000
Fund Source

“Maintaining Existing Holdings - A Parks and Trails Strategic Objective” is a program area representing DNR’s commitment to one of the four pillars identified in the 25 year Legacy plan. The Legacy plan calls this ‘Take Care of What We Have,’ and identifies its purpose to ‘provide safe, high-quality park and trail experiences by regular re-investment in park and trail infrastructure, and natural resource management.’

Statewide
Recipient
Blue Earth County
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$33,000
Fund Source

The primary goal of this project is to develop a Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA) lead comprehensive Watershed Restoration and Protection Strategies (WRAPS) report to be used on the local level. Achieving this goal will require sound working relationships between local units of government, citizens, and state government. The Lakes Engagement Team will gather input from these groups and contribute towards the creation of a Watershed Restoration and Protection Strategy (WRAPS) report that can be utilized by local decision-makers.

Blue Earth
Renville
Recipient
BWSR
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$3,520,000
Fund Source

This project is was the third request of LSOHC to target riparian buffers for clean water and wildlife using the Reinvest In Minnesota easement program. The Clean Water Fund and OHF were be used in cooperation to secure priority buffers permanently. Five hundred and thirty three acres of enhanced wildlife and water quality buffers were protected with OHF dollars and a total of 1,208 acres were protected from all sources of funding.  

2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$0
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,350,000
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,350,000
2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$2,800,000
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$2,800,000
Fund Source

This project will create a high accuracy elevation dataset - critical for effectively planning and implementing water quality projects - for the state of Minnesota using LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) and geospatial mapping technologies. Although some areas of the state have been mapped previously, many counties remain unmapped or have insufficient or inadequate data. This multi-year project, to be completed in 2012, is a collaborative effort of Minnesota's Digital Elevation Committee and partners with county surveyors to ensure accuracy with ground-truthing.

Anoka
Benton
Carlton
Carver
Cook
Dakota
Goodhue
Hennepin
Isanti
Kanabec
Lake
Meeker
Mille Lacs
Morrison
Ramsey
Scott
Sherburne
St. Louis
Washington
Recipient
Minnesota Department of Health
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$800,000
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$800,000
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$275,000
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$75,000
Fund Source

The objective of this project is to build on previous efforts aimed at determining the public health risk due to virus contamination in Minnesota groundwater. The Minnesota Department of Health will examine the occurrence of viruses in non-disinfecting groundwater sources in Minnesota as well as evaluate the association between source water virus occurrence and community acute gastrointestinal illness.

Statewide
Recipient
United States Geological Survey (USGS)
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$57,205
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$118,566
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$74,755
Fund Source

This project will develop a reasonable statewide estimate of recharge using the Soil-Water-Balance (SWB) Code (Westenbroek and others, 2010), validate the simulation results, and conduct a parameter sensitivity analysis to identify the most sensitive model parameters. For the purposes of this application of the SWB application, comparing the simulation results will be conducted on selected watershed basins in the state against previously established recharge estimates.

Statewide
Recipient
MN Trout Unlimited
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$2,470,000
Fund Source

Minnesota Trout Unlimited and our volunteers, chapters and partners will directly enhance habitat for fish and wildlife in and along thirteen coldwater streams located in existing Aquatic Management Areas and on existing public lands around the state.

Carlton
Cook
Dakota
Fillmore
Goodhue
Lake
Olmsted
Rice
St. Louis
Wabasha
Winona
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$100,000
2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$250,000
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$250,000
Fund Source

The DNR has been charged by the legislature to develop rules that protect and manage the Mississippi River Corridor Critical Area (MRCCA) for natural resource, economic development, transportation, historic preservation, and other values. This project engages stakeholder groups in a public process to balance regulatory protections with local flexibility and control.

Anoka
Dakota
Hennepin
Ramsey
Washington
Recipient
Emmons & Oliver Resources (EOR)
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$57,955
Fund Source

This project will address Step 2b in the Watershed approach process and computation of TMDLS for those impaired waters determined to be in need of them.

Olmsted
Wabasha
Winona
Recipient
MN Deer Hunters Association
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$2,000,000
Fund Source

The Minnesota Moose Habitat Collaborative enhanced approximately 7349 acres of moose habitat in northern forests of Northeastern Minnesota within Cook, Lake and St. Louis counties on county, state, and federal land.

Cook
Lake
St. Louis
Recipient
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$297,169
Fund Source

This project supports monitoring and assessment activities by MPCA EAO staff and includes lab analysis, equipment, fieldwork, data management, and interpretation expenses associated with monitoring and assessment activities.The ambient groundwater monitoring network describes the current condition and trends in Minnesota's groundwater quality.

Anoka
Becker
Beltrami
Blue Earth
Carlton
Cass
Chisago
Clay
Clearwater
Dakota
Faribault
Goodhue
Hennepin
Hubbard
Itasca
Lake
Lake of the Woods
Lyon
Morrison
Mower
Olmsted
Otter Tail
Pine
Polk
Ramsey
Redwood
Scott
Sherburne
Stearns
Todd
Wabasha
Wadena
Washington
Winona
Recipient
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$4,105,849
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$4,173,501
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$5,309,905
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$6,028,498
Fund Source

This project supports activities by Minnesota Pollution Control (MPCA) Watershed Division staff that provide technical assistance, project oversight, coordination, outreach and other agency activities associated with assessing, listing and conducting Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) studies throughout the State of Minnesota. Project also includes lab analysis, equipment, and fieldwork expenses associated with TMDL work at the MPCA.

Statewide
Recipient
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$3,284,104
Fund Source

This project supports monitoring and assessment activities by MPCA EAO staff and includes lab analysis, equipment, and fieldwork expenses associated with monitoring and assessment activities within the described priority watersheds. Lake Monitoring: Lakes are monitored for nutrients, clarity and other information to provide the data needed to assess the aquatic recreation use support. Biological and Water Chemistry Stream Monitoring: Monitoring to assess the conditions of streams in each watershed.

Aitkin
Becker
Beltrami
Benton
Big Stone
Carlton
Carver
Cass
Chippewa
Chisago
Clay
Clearwater
Cook
Cottonwood
Crow Wing
Dakota
Faribault
Fillmore
Freeborn
Hennepin
Houston
Itasca
Jackson
Kittson
Koochiching