Minnesota's Legacy

All Projects

Showing 1 - 40 of 54 | Export projects
Recipient
Hawk Creek Watershed Project
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$99,217
Fund Source

This project will monitor six sites within the Minnesota River Basin: Hawk Creek near Maynard, Hawk Creek near Granite Falls, Beaver Creek near Beaver Falls, Yellow Medicine River near Granite Falls, Yellow Medicine River near Hanley Falls, and Spring Creek near Hanley Falls. The sites will be monitored according to MPCA’s Major Watershed Load Monitoring Standard Operating Procedure, which is the procedure being followed for sites currently monitored by the Hawk Creek Watershed Project (HCWP).

Chippewa
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Lincoln
Lyon
Redwood
Renville
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Farmers, Rural Landowners, and Agricultural Supply Businesses
2019 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$75,000
2018 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$75,000
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$75,000
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$75,000
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$200,000
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$200,000
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$4,500,000
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$4,500,000
2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$2,500,000
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$2,000,000
Fund Source

The AgBMP Loan Program provides needed funding for local implementation of clean water practices at an extremely low cost, is unique in its structure and is not duplicated by any other source of funding.The AgBMP loan program provides 3% loans through local lenders to farmers, rural landowners, and agriculture supply businesses.

Anoka
Becker
Blue Earth
Brown
Carver
Cook
Cottonwood
Dakota
Dodge
Douglas
Faribault
Fillmore
Freeborn
Goodhue
Grant
Houston
Hubbard
Jackson
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Le Sueur
Lincoln
Lyon
Martin
Morrison
Mower
Murray
Nicollet
Olmsted
Pipestone
Pope
Redwood
Renville
Rice
Rock
Scott
Sherburne
Sibley
St. Louis
Stearns
Steele
Stevens
Todd
Traverse
Wabasha
Waseca
Washington
Watonwan
Winona
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Todd County
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$79,054
Fund Source

The purpose of this project is to project the ground water aquifer serving the City of Long Prairie through assisting low income landowners in the replacement of 12 sub-surface treatment systems that have been documented as failing to protect groundwater within the Long Prairie Drinking Water Supply Management Area. Although the primary driver is ground water protection, replacing these failing systems will also protect surface water of which Lake Charlotte is in close proximity.

Todd
Recipient
Wenck Associates, Inc.
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$29,872
Fund Source

This project willl complete a final TMDL document that will be submitted to EPA for approval. Document will include Lake Osakis, Clifford Lake, Faille Lake, and Smith Lake impairments. A final technical memorandum describing the elements of the model framework and any deviations from the recommended construction methodology will be also be provided with the submission of the watershed models.

Douglas
Morrison
Otter Tail
Todd
Wadena
Recipient
Renville County c/o Hawk Creek Watershed Project
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$149,860
Fund Source

This project will establish a framework and provide tools for local government and watershed projects to engage the public in a manner that will lead to water quality improvement through targeted and prioritized implementation of watershed management practices. The major components of the watershed approach that will be used for this project include; monitoring, gathering of watershed information, assessment of the data, develop of implementation strategies, and implementation of water quality protection and restoration activities.

Chippewa
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Lincoln
Lyon
Redwood
Renville
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Yellow Medicine River Watershed District
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$105,121
Fund Source

This project approach will include monitoring and gathering of watershed information, assess the data, develop implementation strategies to meet standards and protect waters, implement water quality protection and restoration activities in the watershed. The goal of this project is to establish a framework, and to provide information and tools for local government and watershed organizations to engage the public in a manner that will lead to water quality improvement.

Chippewa
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Lincoln
Lyon
Redwood
Renville
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Minnesota River Board
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$91,691
Fund Source

This project will support a civic engagement cohort that will be offered in southwest Minnesota to foster partnering and build capacity of local government, organizations, and residents for effective civic engagement in water protection and restoration. This project will also build networks and the skill set of local resource professionals to do effective civic engagement work for water restoration and protection. The cohort will be administered through the Minnesota River Board (MRB), established in 1995 with a goal of focusing water management efforts on the local level.

Big Stone
Blue Earth
Brown
Chippewa
Cottonwood
Douglas
Faribault
Grant
Jackson
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Le Sueur
Lincoln
Lyon
Martin
McLeod
Murray
Nicollet
Nobles
Otter Tail
Pipestone
Pope
Redwood
Renville
Rock
Sibley
Stevens
Swift
Traverse
Waseca
Watonwan
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Redwood-Cottonwood Rivers Control Area JPO
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$9,000
Fund Source

This project will continue the offering of low-interest loans to citizens, some of whom may not be able to acquire funding otherwise, for upgrading 50 septic systems to ensure compliance with state rules. Grant funds will be used to administer the low-interest loan program.

Big Stone
Blue Earth
Brown
Carver
Chippewa
Cottonwood
Dakota
Hennepin
Kandiyohi
Le Sueur
Lincoln
Lyon
Nicollet
Ramsey
Redwood
Renville
Rice
Scott
Sibley
Swift
Traverse
Watonwan
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Minnesota Department of Health
2019 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,100,000
2018 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,100,000
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,100,000
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,100,000
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,150,000
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,150,000
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,020,000
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,020,000
2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$744,717
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$250,291
Fund Source

The Drinking Water Contaminants of Emerging Concern (CEC) program identifies environmental contaminants for which current health-based standards currently do not exist or need to be updated, investigate the potential for human exposure to these chemicals, and develop guidance values for drinking water. Contaminants evaluated by CEC staff include contaminants that have been released or detected in Minnesota waters (surface water and groundwater) or that have the potential to migrate to or be detected in Minnesota waters.

Statewide
Recipient
Crow Wing Soil and Water Conservation District
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$20,442
Fund Source

This leadership workshop series will provide the participants (citizen leaders) with knowledge, skills, processes and tools that can help to strengthen their current efforts and nurture new ones.

Aitkin
Becker
Beltrami
Cass
Clearwater
Crow Wing
Douglas
Hubbard
Morrison
Otter Tail
Todd
Wadena
Recipient
LimnoTech
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$54,696
Fund Source

The goal of the project is the development of an overall strategy for reduction of turbidity/TSS, with sets of sediment reduction initiatives and actions for various sources, to address the Minnesota River Turbidity TMDL and the South Metro Mississippi River TSS TMDL.

Big Stone
Blue Earth
Brown
Carver
Chippewa
Cottonwood
Dakota
Hennepin
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Le Sueur
Lincoln
Lyon
McLeod
Nicollet
Ramsey
Redwood
Renville
Rice
Scott
Sibley
Stevens
Swift
Traverse
Watonwan
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Prairie Country Resource Conservation & Development, c/o Hawk Creek Watershed Project
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$52,753
Fund Source

This project will assess 4 lakes and 17 stream sites. The four lakes will be assessed for total phosphorus, chlorophyll-a, and secchi data by the HCWP staff. Staff will monitor East Twin, West Twin, West Solomon, and St. John’s Lakes for total phosphorus, chlorophyll-a, and Secchi disk readings. In order to obtain a sufficient dataset. Ten samples will be collected over 2 years. Water samples at 17 stream locations for chemical analyses, including intensive watershed monitoring sites and “non-target” sites.

Chippewa
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Lincoln
Lyon
Redwood
Renville
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
AQUA TERRA Consultants
2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$99,950
Fund Source

This project will support construction of three watershed framework models built using the Hydrologic Simulation Program FORTRAN (HSPF). These executable models will simulate hydrology at the subbasin scale. An HSPF model will be built for each of these major watersheds: Crow Wing River, Redeye River, and Long Prairie River.

Becker
Cass
Clearwater
Crow Wing
Douglas
Hubbard
Morrison
Otter Tail
Todd
Wadena
Recipient
Aqua Terra Consultants
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$120,238
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$134,980
Fund Source

This project will continue HSPF watershed model construction beyond the initial framework development. The consultant will add representation of point source discharges to the model. The consultant will also compile flow data for the purposes of calibration and validation. Finally, an initial hydrologic calibration will be performed and submitted for approval.

Becker
Cass
Clearwater
Crow Wing
Douglas
Hubbard
Morrison
Otter Tail
Todd
Wadena
Recipient
Otter Tail, East SWCD
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$58,000
Fund Source

The purpose of this project is to identify effective irrigation and nutrient management best management practices and technologies and the barriers that prevent irrigators, producers, and other agricultural partners from adopting them in Otter Tail County. The primary goal is to reduce nitrate in areas where groundwater is susceptible to contamination as mapped by The Minnesota Department of Health by identifying effective BMPs and addressing the barriers to their adoption.

Becker
Douglas
Otter Tail
Todd
Wadena
Recipient
Tetra Tech
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$100,000
Fund Source

The Minnesota River Basin Hydrological Simulation Program FORTRAN (HSPF) models, which simulate flow and pollutant transport, need to be refined to be consistent with the most recent external sources of land use, hydrologic response, and surface flow attributions. The primary goal of this work is to refine the hydrologic calibration in the Minnesota River basin.

Big Stone
Blue Earth
Brown
Carver
Chippewa
Cottonwood
Dakota
Douglas
Faribault
Freeborn
Grant
Hennepin
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Le Sueur
Lincoln
Lyon
Martin
McLeod
Murray
Nicollet
Otter Tail
Pipestone
Pope
Redwood
Renville
Rice
Scott
Sibley
Stevens
Swift
Traverse
Waseca
Watonwan
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Tetra Tech
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$99,998
Fund Source

The Minnesota River Basin Hydrological Simulation Program FORTRAN (HSPF) models simulate sediment erosion and transport, however these models periodically need to be adjusted to be consistent with the most recent sources of information regarding sediment distribution and loading rates. The goal of this project is to refine the sediment source partitioning and simulation in the Minnesota River basin using all relevant available sources of information.

Blue Earth
Brown
Carver
Chippewa
Cottonwood
Dakota
Douglas
Faribault
Freeborn
Grant
Hennepin
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Le Sueur
Lincoln
Lyon
Martin
McLeod
Murray
Nicollet
Otter Tail
Pipestone
Pope
Redwood
Renville
Recipient
Douglas SWCD
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$36,000
Fund Source

As lake-focused development continues these high quality waters will see increasing amounts of land use change. The State Demographer projects that the targeted lake catchments will see population increases of 25-62% within 20 years. Isolating these contributing areas permits the Lake Protection Analysis project to perform multiple GIS analyses to accurately inform water quality discussions. The final framework will allow local water managers to prioritize across their water bodies, target activities to specific subsheds, and develop measurable goals.

Crow Wing
Douglas
Recipient
Douglas SWCD
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$227,430
Fund Source

The Lake Ida and Ditch 23 Wetland Feasibility Project will investigate and review the phosphorus loading of Lake Ida and design a project to protect Lake Ida water quality. Lake Ida is a 'high quality, unimpaired lake at the highest risk of becoming impaired' according to MPCA's Lakes of Phosphorus Sensitivity Significance. With the County Ditch 23 inlet identified as a priority area to reduce phosphorous, a professional engineering firm will explore the best solution to reduce phosphorus.

Douglas
Recipient
Emmons & Oliver Resources (EOR)
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$36,993
Fund Source

Update previous draft Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) documents and modeling files with Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) comments and site specific standards.

Douglas
Recipient
AECOM, Inc.
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$35,000
Fund Source

Phase 4 of the Lake Winona Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) project will finalize the draft Lake Winona TMDL, dated November 2009, by completing additional data analysis, lake quality modeling, updating the TMDL report, and supporting the public involvement process.

Cass
Douglas
Morrison
Otter Tail
Todd
Recipient
Ag Resource Strategies, LLC
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$300,000
Fund Source

LEQA is a Minnesota Department of Agriculture (MDA) program to help livestock producers address, using a non-regulatory approach, the unique water quality issues on their farms. The MDA has contracted with Ag Resource Strategies, LLC, to recruit farmers to enroll in the LEQA program. The company trains technicians to assess different areas of each farms, such as the farmstead, livestock facilities, fields and wooded areas. The technicians then develop an environmental assessment and identify financial assistance for these projects.

Recipient
Emmons & Oliver Resources (EOR)
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$23,900
Fund Source

This project is to finalize the Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) and Watershed Restoration & Protection Strategies (WRAPS) for the Red Eye and Long Prairie Watersheds.

Douglas
Morrison
Otter Tail
Todd
Wadena
Recipient
Emmons & Olivier Resources (EOR)
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$77,128
Fund Source

The goal of this project is to develop a Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) for all impaired stream reaches and lakes within the Long Prairie and Red Eye Watersheds.

Douglas
Morrison
Otter Tail
Todd
Wadena
Recipient
Douglas Soil and Water Conservation District
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$78,450
Fund Source

This project will gather watershed data to support the development of a Watershed Restoration and Protection Strategy with parameter-specific targets that will maintain or improve water quality for the Long Prairie River Watershed. This project will also provide an important framework for civic and citizen engagement and communication, contributing to long-term public participation in surface water protection and restoration activities throughout the watershed.

Douglas
Morrison
Otter Tail
Todd
Wadena
Recipient
Tetra Tech Inc
2019 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$89,477
Fund Source

The goal of this project is to extend existing Hydrologic Simulation Program FORTRAN (HSPF) models through 2017 for the following major watersheds: Redwood, Cottonwood, Watonwan, Blue Earth, Le Sueur, Pomme de Terre, Minnesota River-Headwaters, and Lac Qui Parle watersheds.

Big Stone
Blue Earth
Brown
Chippewa
Cottonwood
Douglas
Faribault
Freeborn
Grant
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Le Sueur
Lincoln
Lyon
Martin
Murray
Otter Tail
Pipestone
Pope
Redwood
Renville
Stevens
Swift
Traverse
Waseca
Watonwan
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Tetra Tech Inc
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$150,000
Fund Source

This project will update sediment Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) for 60-64 impaired stream reaches and provide a final TMDL report. The report will address sediment and turbidity impaired streams in the Minnesota River Watershed. TMDLs will describe the impairment in each water body and water quality targets, and will include a discussion of pollutant sources, supporting report components that document assumptions and methodologies, and TMDL equations with completed load allocations, wasteload allocations, and margin of safety for each impairment.

Blue Earth
Recipient
Tetra Tech Inc
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$68,033

This project addresses five reaches of the Minnesota River that have aquatic recreation impairments as identified by high concentrations of E. coli. The project will describe the water quality impairments, complete pollutant source assessments, establish loading capacities and allocations for the impairments, and develop implementation strategies.

Big Stone
Blue Earth
Brown
Carver
Chippewa
Cottonwood
Douglas
Faribault
Freeborn
Grant
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Le Sueur
Lincoln
Lyon
Martin
McLeod
Murray
Nicollet
Pipestone
Pope
Redwood
Renville
Scott
Sibley
Steele
Stevens
Swift
Waseca
Watonwan
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Tetra Tech Inc
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$68,033
Fund Source

This project addresses five reaches of the Minnesota River that have aquatic recreation impairments as identified by high concentrations of E. coli. The project will describe the water quality impairments, complete pollutant source assessments, establish loading capacities and allocations for the impairments, and develop implementation strategies.

Big Stone
Blue Earth
Brown
Carver
Chippewa
Cottonwood
Douglas
Faribault
Freeborn
Grant
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Le Sueur
Lincoln
Lyon
Martin
McLeod
Murray
Nicollet
Pipestone
Pope
Redwood
Renville
Scott
Sibley
Steele
Stevens
Swift
Waseca
Watonwan
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
LimnoTech
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$29,730
Fund Source

Refinement of the Sediment Recution Strategy through incorporation of feedback gather during 30-day comment period.

Aitkin
Anoka
Becker
Beltrami
Benton
Big Stone
Blue Earth
Brown
Carver
Chippewa
Cottonwood
Dakota
Dodge
Douglas
Faribault
Freeborn
Goodhue
Grant
Hennepin
Hubbard
Isanti
Itasca
Jackson
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Recipient
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$297,169
Fund Source

This project supports monitoring and assessment activities by MPCA EAO staff and includes lab analysis, equipment, fieldwork, data management, and interpretation expenses associated with monitoring and assessment activities.The ambient groundwater monitoring network describes the current condition and trends in Minnesota's groundwater quality.

Anoka
Becker
Beltrami
Blue Earth
Carlton
Cass
Chisago
Clay
Clearwater
Dakota
Faribault
Goodhue
Hennepin
Hubbard
Itasca
Lake
Lake of the Woods
Lyon
Morrison
Mower
Olmsted
Otter Tail
Pine
Polk
Ramsey
Redwood
Scott
Sherburne
Stearns
Todd
Wabasha
Wadena
Washington
Winona
Recipient
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$287,628
Fund Source

This project supports monitoring and assessment activities by MPCA EAO staff and includes lab analysis, equipment, fieldwork, data management, and interpretation expenses associated with monitoring and assessment activities.The ambient groundwater monitoring network describes the current condition and trends in Minnesota's groundwater quality.

Anoka
Becker
Beltrami
Blue Earth
Carlton
Cass
Chisago
Clay
Clearwater
Dakota
Faribault
Goodhue
Hennepin
Hubbard
Itasca
Lake
Lake of the Woods
Lyon
Morrison
Mower
Olmsted
Otter Tail
Pine
Polk
Ramsey
Redwood
Scott
Sherburne
Stearns
Todd
Wabasha
Wadena
Washington
Winona
Recipient
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$4,432,804
Fund Source

This project supports monitoring and assessment activities by MPCA EAO staff and includes lab analysis, equipment, and fieldwork expenses associated with monitoring and assessment activities.

Lake Monitoring: Lakes are monitored for nutrients, clarity and other information to provide the data needed to assess the aquatic recreation use support.

Anoka
Becker
Beltrami
Big Stone
Carver
Cass
Chippewa
Clearwater
Crow Wing
Dakota
Grant
Hennepin
Hubbard
Itasca
Kandiyohi
Koochiching
Lac qui Parle
Lincoln
Lyon
Morrison
Olmsted
Otter Tail
Ramsey
Redwood
Renville
Sherburne
Stevens
Todd
Traverse
Wabasha
Wadena
Washington
Wilkin
Wright
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$3,521,699
Fund Source

This project supports monitoring and assessment activities by MPCA EAO staff and includes lab analysis, equipment, and fieldwork expenses associated with monitoring and assessment activities.

Lake Monitoring: Lakes are monitored for nutrients, clarity and other information to provide the data needed to assess the aquatic recreation use support.

Becker
Beltrami
Blue Earth
Carlton
Dakota
Dodge
Douglas
Freeborn
Goodhue
Jackson
Lake
Le Sueur
Lincoln
Mahnomen
Marshall
Morrison
Murray
Nobles
Norman
Otter Tail
Pennington
Pine
Pipestone
Polk
Rice
Rock
Roseau
Scott
St. Louis
Steele
Todd
Wadena
Waseca
Recipient
Minnesota Erosion Control Association
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$4,405
Fund Source

Minnesota Erosion Control Association (MECA) will offer three one-day training session intended to educate permittees on the requirements of the Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) permit. The focus of these workshops will be on conducting inspections and various hot topics.

Blue Earth
Kandiyohi
Wright
Recipient
Tetra Tech Inc
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$109,928
Fund Source

The goal of this project is to refine the nutrient and algae simulation in the Minnesota River basin using all relevant available sources of information. The outcome of this work order is a revised Hydrological Simulation Program – FORTRAN (HSPF) watershed model application for the Minnesota River basin that correctly represents nutrient sources and algae.

Big Stone
Blue Earth
Brown
Carver
Chippewa
Cottonwood
Dakota
Douglas
Faribault
Freeborn
Grant
Hennepin
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Le Sueur
Lincoln
Lyon
Martin
McLeod
Murray
Nicollet
Otter Tail
Pipestone
Pope
Redwood
Renville
Rice
Scott
Sibley
Stevens
Swift
Traverse
Waseca
Watonwan
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Otter Tail, East SWCD
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$150,000
Fund Source

The Otter Tail County Community Partners Grant Project will enable community groups to go beyond planning and take action to protect their water resources. This grant program will provide targeted community groups with the means to make positive improvements now and identify high priority projects for future opportunities. Engaging community members in the identification of water protection opportunities with the data in recently completed lake assessment reports will help build connections and foster a stewardship ethic.

Otter Tail
Recipient
Otter Tail, West SWCD
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$290,616
Fund Source

This Initiative is a nine-year plan to take a systematic approach to inventory and analyze all Public Waters within the County. Phase 1 includes identifying areas of concern through GIS analysis of current landuse along Public Waters, and the development of a database of non-compliant landowners which will be updated and maintained. Once landowners have been identified they will receive a joint letter and map stating that they may not be in compliance.

Otter Tail
Recipient
Otter Tail, East SWCD
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$471,000
Fund Source

The purpose of this project is to develop a detailed tool that can be used in all watersheds within the Otter Tail and Becker counties to prioritize, target, and measure implementation practices at the field scale. The PTM App will significantly increase the targeting capabilities in Otter Tail and Becker Counties. The Watershed Restoration and Protection Strategy has not been completed for Otter Tail County, yet, and the PTM App will be able to assist targeting and prioritizing when those documents are created.

Becker
Otter Tail
Recipient
Douglas SWCD
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$74,440
Fund Source

The Douglas County Partners for Clean Water program enables community groups to take action and improve their water resources. Engaging citizens directly in project development and installation efforts provides immediate water quality benefits and cultivates a community of active stewardship.

Douglas