Minnesota's Legacy

All Projects

Showing 1 - 40 of 65 | Export projects
Recipient
LimnoTech
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$54,696
Fund Source

The goal of the project is the development of an overall strategy for reduction of turbidity/TSS, with sets of sediment reduction initiatives and actions for various sources, to address the Minnesota River Turbidity TMDL and the South Metro Mississippi River TSS TMDL.

Big Stone
Blue Earth
Brown
Carver
Chippewa
Cottonwood
Dakota
Hennepin
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Le Sueur
Lincoln
Lyon
McLeod
Nicollet
Ramsey
Redwood
Renville
Rice
Scott
Sibley
Stevens
Swift
Traverse
Watonwan
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Chippewa River Watershed Project
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$136,325
Fund Source

This project will work with the MPCA to conduct watershed pollutant load monitoring at four sites in the Chippewa River watershed and one site in the neighboring Pomme de Terre River watershed . The Chippewa River Watershed Project (CRWP) team will also aid the MPCA in measuring and comparing regional differences and long-term trends in water quality. The goal is to collect quality data and complete load calculations for the five sites using the MPCA's established protocols.

Big Stone
Chippewa
Douglas
Grant
Kandiyohi
Otter Tail
Pope
Stearns
Stevens
Swift
Recipient
Hawk Creek Watershed Project
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$99,217
Fund Source

This project will monitor six sites within the Minnesota River Basin: Hawk Creek near Maynard, Hawk Creek near Granite Falls, Beaver Creek near Beaver Falls, Yellow Medicine River near Granite Falls, Yellow Medicine River near Hanley Falls, and Spring Creek near Hanley Falls. The sites will be monitored according to MPCA’s Major Watershed Load Monitoring (WPLMN) Standard Operating Procedure, which is the procedure being followed for sites currently monitored by the Hawk Creek Watershed Project (HCWP).

Chippewa
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Lincoln
Lyon
Redwood
Renville
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Chippewa County
2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$286,113
Fund Source

This project will complete a comprehensive and sustainable Major Watershed Restoration and Protection Strategies report for the Chippewa River, its tributary streams, and the many lakes in the Chippewa River watershed that is understandable and adoptable by local units of government and residents.

Chippewa
Douglas
Grant
Kandiyohi
Otter Tail
Pope
Stearns
Stevens
Swift
Recipient
Chippewa River Watershed Project
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$296,965
Fund Source

The goal of the Chippewa River Watershed Protection project is to protect unimpaired areas of the watershed. This will be accomplished through education and outreach with landowners and through implementation of best management practices.

Chippewa
Douglas
Grant
Kandiyohi
Pope
Stevens
Swift
Recipient
Metropolitan Council/Environmental Financial Group Inc.
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$11,785
2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$36,754
Fund Source

On behalf of the Metropolitan Council, Environmental Financial Group Inc. generated a matrix of water conservation programs with detailed information about the costs and benefits of the programs. Tools were also developed to allow users to calculate potential water savings, estimate program implementation costs, and test the effects of various water conservation programs and rate structures.

Aitkin
Anoka
Becker
Beltrami
Benton
Big Stone
Blue Earth
Brown
Carlton
Carver
Cass
Chippewa
Chisago
Clay
Clearwater
Cook
Cottonwood
Crow Wing
Dakota
Dodge
Douglas
Faribault
Fillmore
Freeborn
Goodhue
Grant
Hennepin
Houston
Hubbard
Isanti
Itasca
Jackson
Kanabec
Kandiyohi
Kittson
Koochiching
Lac qui Parle
Lake
Lake of the Woods
Le Sueur
Lincoln
Lyon
Mahnomen
Marshall
Martin
McLeod
Meeker
Mille Lacs
Morrison
Mower
Murray
Nicollet
Nobles
Norman
Olmsted
Otter Tail
Pennington
Pine
Pipestone
Polk
Pope
Ramsey
Red Lake
Redwood
Renville
Rice
Rock
Roseau
Scott
Sherburne
Sibley
St. Louis
Statewide
Stearns
Steele
Stevens
Swift
Todd
Traverse
Wabasha
Wadena
Waseca
Washington
Watonwan
Wilkin
Winona
Wright
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
North Fork Crow River Watershed District
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$33,000
Fund Source

The purpose of this project is reduce peak flows in the North Fork of the Crow River through culvert sizing. Culvert sizing will typically result in smaller culverts, which will provide short-term temporary storage within channels and on adjacent lands upstream from road crossings. In addition to reducing peak flow rates, flood damage and downstream erosion, increased sediment and nutrient removal through extended detention time is expected.

Kandiyohi
Meeker
Pope
Stearns
Recipient
Minnesota River Board
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$91,691
Fund Source

This project will support a civic engagement cohort that will be offered in southwest Minnesota to foster partnering and build capacity of local government, organizations, and residents for effective civic engagement in water protection and restoration. This project will also build networks and the skill set of local resource professionals to do effective civic engagement work for water restoration and protection. The cohort will be administered through the Minnesota River Board (MRB), established in 1995 with a goal of focusing water management efforts on the local level.

Big Stone
Blue Earth
Brown
Chippewa
Cottonwood
Douglas
Faribault
Grant
Jackson
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Le Sueur
Lincoln
Lyon
Martin
McLeod
Murray
Nicollet
Nobles
Otter Tail
Pipestone
Pope
Redwood
Renville
Rock
Sibley
Stevens
Swift
Traverse
Waseca
Watonwan
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
RESPEC
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$49,996
Fund Source

This project will finalize HSPF watershed model construction by incorporating internal phosphorus loading in modeled lakes, run a suite of implementation scenarios and generate a GenScn project containing model output. The consultant will produce HSPF watershed models that can readily be used to provide information to support conventional parameter TMDLs. The consultant will deliver all modeling files for baseline and implementation scenarios and provide a GenScn project containing model output.

Becker
Carver
Cass
Clearwater
Crow Wing
Douglas
Hennepin
Hubbard
Kandiyohi
McLeod
Meeker
Morrison
Otter Tail
Pope
Renville
Sibley
Stearns
Todd
Wadena
Wright
Recipient
Tetra Tech, Inc.
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$4,999
Fund Source

This project will develop and execute three point source related scenarios for the Chippewa River watershed using an existing HSPF watershed model. This project will also support the review of the HSPF Modeling Guidance Document.

Chippewa
Douglas
Grant
Kandiyohi
Otter Tail
Pope
Stearns
Stevens
Swift
Recipient
Renville County c/o Hawk Creek Watershed Project
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$149,860
Fund Source

This project will establish a framework and provide tools for local government and watershed projects to engage the public in a manner that will lead to water quality improvement through targeted and prioritized implementation of watershed management practices. The major components of the watershed approach that will be used for this project include; monitoring, gathering of watershed information, assessment of the data, develop of implementation strategies, and implementation of water quality protection and restoration activities.

Chippewa
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Lincoln
Lyon
Redwood
Renville
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Yellow Medicine River Watershed District
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$105,121
Fund Source

This project approach will include monitoring and gathering of watershed information, assess the data, develop implementation strategies to meet standards and protect waters, implement water quality protection and restoration activities in the watershed. The goal of this project is to establish a framework, and to provide information and tools for local government and watershed organizations to engage the public in a manner that will lead to water quality improvement.

Chippewa
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Lincoln
Lyon
Redwood
Renville
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Emmons & Olivier Resources
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$99,355
Fund Source

This project will complete a pollutant source identification and subwatershed information report and support the development of a Draft Restoration and Protection Plan (RAPP). It will also support the devlopment of a Implementation Plan that will identify target areas for BMP implementation for bacteria reductions.

Anoka
Benton
Carver
Crow Wing
Dakota
Douglas
Hennepin
Kandiyohi
McLeod
Meeker
Mille Lacs
Morrison
Pope
Ramsey
Sherburne
Sibley
Stearns
Todd
Washington
Wright
Recipient
Wenck Associates, Inc.
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,879
Fund Source

This project will support the completion of a final draft Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) document for the Osakis, Smith and Faille Lakes TMDL and the submittal to EPA for final approval.

Douglas
Meeker
Morrison
Pope
Stearns
Todd
Recipient
Crow River Organization of Water
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$19,999
Fund Source

The primary focus of this project is the collection of lake core samples to aid in the completion of lake TMDLs for Dean, Malardi & Fountain lakes. This work will enable completing tasks included in the North Fork Crow River Watershed Restoration & Protection Project (WRPP). Additional data collection is needed to update lake response models. This new data will provide a cohesive and comprehensive data collection for Dean, Malardi and Fountain lakes.

Carver
Hennepin
Kandiyohi
McLeod
Meeker
Pope
Stearns
Wright
Recipient
Laq qui Parle-Yellow Bank Watershed District
2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$141,850
Fund Source

This project will Install buffer strips along 25 miles of ditches in the watershed, replace 50 open tile intakes, and hold workshops in the watershed to increase conservation tillage, nutrient and pesticide management, conservation drainage and restoring wetlands.

Lac qui Parle
Recipient
Laq qui Parle-Yellow Bank Watershed District
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$260,900
Fund Source

This project will offer incentives to protect 80 acres of land in filter strips and highly erodible lands adjacent to the rivers; construct 9 sediment and water control basins or terraces; replace 35 open tile intakes and advocate wetland restorations and grassland easement programs; organize a Friendship Tour to bring together Minnesota farmers, county commissioners, farm organizations, local, state and federal agency personnel to experience the watershed, farming practices, discuss future project ideas and strengthen relationships; and upgrade 37 subsurface sewage treatment systems by off

Lac qui Parle
Lincoln
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Board of Water & Soil Resources
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$600,000
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$397,580
Fund Source

BWSR will administer funding to eligible County projects that provide funds and other assistance to low income property owners to upgrade or replace Noncompliant Septic Systems. BWSR will also manage annual reporting completed by each County.

Aitkin
Beltrami
Big Stone
Carlton
Carver
Cass
Chippewa
Chisago
Clearwater
Cook
Cottonwood
Crow Wing
Dakota
Dodge
Douglas
Hubbard
Isanti
Jackson
Kandiyohi
Koochiching
Lac qui Parle
Lake of the Woods
Lincoln
Marshall
McLeod
Morrison
Norman
Olmsted
Pennington
Pine
Pipestone
Polk
Pope
Red Lake
Roseau
Scott
Sibley
St. Louis
Stearns
Steele
Todd
Traverse
Wadena
Waseca
Washington
Wilkin
Winona
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Pope Soil and Water Conservation District
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$209,179
Fund Source

Clean water funds are being utilized to address eroding ravines and untreated runoff entering Lake Minnwaska. The ravines originate from a 24 culvert that runs under Highway 55. The worst of the erosion in this area has been in the last ten years and the ravines now measure up to 20' deep and 30' wide and have uprooted trees, rocks and other debris. Installation of riparian cover and check dams in the two ravines will decrease further erosion and reduce suspended sediment during high flow events entering Lake Minnewaska.

Pope
Recipient
Prairie Country Resource Conservation & Development, c/o Hawk Creek Watershed Project
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$52,753
Fund Source

This project will assess 4 lakes and 17 stream sites. The four lakes will be assessed for total phosphorus, chlorophyll-a, and secchi data by the HCWP staff. Staff will monitor East Twin, West Twin, West Solomon, and St. John’s Lakes for total phosphorus, chlorophyll-a, and Secchi disk readings. In order to obtain a sufficient dataset. Ten samples will be collected over 2 years. Water samples at 17 stream locations for chemical analyses, including intensive watershed monitoring sites and “non-target” sites.

Chippewa
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Lincoln
Lyon
Redwood
Renville
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
RESPEC
2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$96,618
Fund Source

This project will support construction of three watershed framework models built using the Hydrologic Simulation Program FORTRAN (HSPF). These executable models will simulate hydrology at the subbasin scale. An HSPF model will be built for each of three major watersheds: the Crow River/North Fork Crow River, the South Fork Crow River, and the Sauk River.

Carver
Douglas
Hennepin
Kandiyohi
McLeod
Meeker
Morrison
Pope
Renville
Sibley
Stearns
Todd
Wright
Recipient
RESPEC
2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$149,677
Fund Source

This project will finalize HSPF watershed model construction and complete the calibration/validation process for the following three watersheds: North Fork Crow River, South Fork Crow River, and Sauk River.

Carver
Douglas
Hennepin
Kandiyohi
McLeod
Meeker
Morrison
Pope
Renville
Sibley
Stearns
Todd
Wright
Recipient
RESPEC
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$128,887
Fund Source
The goal of this project is to extend the existing HSPF models through 2012 in the Chippewa Watershed (07020005) and Hawk-Yellow Medicine Watershed (07020004) to incorporate recent monitoring data to support current MPCA business needs and sediment source investigations.
Blue Earth
Brown
Carver
Chippewa
Cottonwood
Dakota
Douglas
Faribault
Freeborn
Hennepin
Kandiyohi
Le Sueur
Lincoln
Lyon
McLeod
Murray
Nicollet
Otter Tail
Pipestone
Pope
Renville
Rice
Scott
Sibley
Steele
Swift
Waseca
Watonwan
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Tetra Tech
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$155,000
Fund Source

The goal of this project is to continue and finalize Hydrological Simulation Program FORTRAN (HSPF) watershed model construction and complete the calibration/validation process for the Minnesota River–Headwaters and Lac qui Parle watersheds that can readily be used to provide information to support conventional parameter Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) reports.

Big Stone
Chippewa
Lac qui Parle
Lincoln
Stevens
Swift
Traverse
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Tetra Tech
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$99,998
Fund Source

The Minnesota River Basin Hydrological Simulation Program FORTRAN (HSPF) models simulate sediment erosion and transport, however these models periodically need to be adjusted to be consistent with the most recent sources of information regarding sediment distribution and loading rates. The goal of this project is to refine the sediment source partitioning and simulation in the Minnesota River basin using all relevant available sources of information.

Blue Earth
Brown
Carver
Chippewa
Cottonwood
Dakota
Douglas
Faribault
Freeborn
Grant
Hennepin
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Le Sueur
Lincoln
Lyon
Martin
McLeod
Murray
Nicollet
Otter Tail
Pipestone
Pope
Redwood
Renville
Recipient
Tetra Tech
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$100,000
Fund Source

The Minnesota River Basin Hydrological Simulation Program FORTRAN (HSPF) models, which simulate flow and pollutant transport, need to be refined to be consistent with the most recent external sources of land use, hydrologic response, and surface flow attributions. The primary goal of this work is to refine the hydrologic calibration in the Minnesota River basin.

Big Stone
Blue Earth
Brown
Carver
Chippewa
Cottonwood
Dakota
Douglas
Faribault
Freeborn
Grant
Hennepin
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Le Sueur
Lincoln
Lyon
Martin
McLeod
Murray
Nicollet
Otter Tail
Pipestone
Pope
Redwood
Renville
Rice
Scott
Sibley
Stevens
Swift
Traverse
Waseca
Watonwan
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Lac qui Parle-Yellow Bank Watershed District
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$12,160
Fund Source
Establish a framework with local partners that will outline their involvement throught the development of the Lac qui Parle Watershed WRAP
Lac qui Parle
Lincoln
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Lac qui Parle Soil and Water Conservation District and County Environmental Office
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$30,894
Fund Source

The Lac qui Parle River suffers from low dissolved oxygen and high bacteria levels. Lac qui Parle County recognizes the need for a Level 3 Feedlot Inventory to use as a tool for targeting outreach efforts and financial assistance to improve the river and protect other unimpaired surface waters of the County. This project will allow the county to hire a temporary part time staff person to complete a Level 3 Feedlot Inventory.

Lac qui Parle
Recipient
Louisburg, City of
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$16,450
Fund Source

Evaluate alternatives to fix failing septic systems in unsewered area

Lac qui Parle
Recipient
Upper Minnesota River Watershed District
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$29,088
Fund Source
The goal of this project is to establish a framework that the local government can use to guide their involvement as the UMR Watershed Project progresses over the next four years. This will result in strategies to protect or restore the waters in this watershed. These strategies will be used as the basis for making informed local water quality and land use planning decisions, as well as development of grant applications to implement the restoration and protection of waters in the UMR watershed.
Big Stone
Chippewa
Lac qui Parle
Stevens
Swift
Traverse
Recipient
Tetra Tech Inc
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$68,033
Fund Source

This project addresses five reaches of the Minnesota River that have aquatic recreation impairments as identified by high concentrations of E. coli. The project will describe the water quality impairments, complete pollutant source assessments, establish loading capacities and allocations for the impairments, and develop implementation strategies.

Big Stone
Blue Earth
Brown
Carver
Chippewa
Cottonwood
Douglas
Faribault
Freeborn
Grant
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Le Sueur
Lincoln
Lyon
Martin
McLeod
Murray
Nicollet
Pipestone
Pope
Redwood
Renville
Scott
Sibley
Steele
Stevens
Swift
Waseca
Watonwan
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
LimnoTech
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$29,730
Fund Source

Refinement of the Sediment Recution Strategy through incorporation of feedback gather during 30-day comment period.

Aitkin
Anoka
Becker
Beltrami
Benton
Big Stone
Blue Earth
Brown
Carver
Chippewa
Cottonwood
Dakota
Dodge
Douglas
Faribault
Freeborn
Goodhue
Grant
Hennepin
Hubbard
Isanti
Itasca
Jackson
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Recipient
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$4,432,804
Fund Source

This project supports monitoring and assessment activities by MPCA EAO staff and includes lab analysis, equipment, and fieldwork expenses associated with monitoring and assessment activities.

Lake Monitoring: Lakes are monitored for nutrients, clarity and other information to provide the data needed to assess the aquatic recreation use support.

Anoka
Becker
Beltrami
Big Stone
Carver
Cass
Chippewa
Clearwater
Crow Wing
Dakota
Grant
Hennepin
Hubbard
Itasca
Kandiyohi
Koochiching
Lac qui Parle
Lincoln
Lyon
Morrison
Olmsted
Otter Tail
Ramsey
Redwood
Renville
Sherburne
Stevens
Todd
Traverse
Wabasha
Wadena
Washington
Wilkin
Wright
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$5,265,335
Fund Source

This project supports monitoring and assessment activities by MPCA EAO staff and includes lab analysis, equipment, and fieldwork expenses associated with monitoring and assessment activities within the described priority watersheds.

Lake Monitoring: Lakes are monitored for nutrients, clarity and other information to provide the data needed to assess the aquatic recreation use support.

Aitkin
Anoka
Benton
Big Stone
Blue Earth
Brown
Chippewa
Chisago
Cook
Cottonwood
Crow Wing
Faribault
Freeborn
Isanti
Jackson
Kanabec
Kittson
Lac qui Parle
Lake
Le Sueur
Marshall
Martin
Mille Lacs
Morrison
Nicollet
Pennington
Pine
Polk
Redwood
Renville
Roseau
Sibley
Stevens
Swift
Traverse
Watonwan
Recipient
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,000,000
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,000,000
Fund Source

The goal of this project is to analyze and document database architecture, platform, table structures, systems and data fields at six Minnesota agencies (Board of Soil and Water Resources, Department of Natural Resources, MN Department of Agriculture, MN Department of Health, Metropolitan Council, and MN Pollution Control Agency) for 30+ databases related to water.

Aitkin
Anoka
Becker
Beltrami
Benton
Big Stone
Blue Earth
Brown
Carlton
Carver
Cass
Chippewa
Chisago
Clay
Clearwater
Cook
Cottonwood
Crow Wing
Dakota
Dodge
Douglas
Faribault
Fillmore
Freeborn
Goodhue
Grant
Hennepin
Houston
Hubbard
Isanti
Itasca
Jackson
Kanabec
Kandiyohi
Kittson
Koochiching
Lac qui Parle
Lake
Lake of the Woods
Le Sueur
Lincoln
Lyon
Mahnomen
Marshall
Martin
McLeod
Meeker
Mille Lacs
Morrison
Mower
Murray
Nicollet
Nobles
Norman
Olmsted
Otter Tail
Pennington
Pine
Pipestone
Polk
Pope
Ramsey
Red Lake
Redwood
Renville
Rice
Rock
Roseau
Scott
Sherburne
Sibley
St. Louis
Statewide
Stearns
Steele
Stevens
Swift
Todd
Traverse
Wabasha
Wadena
Waseca
Washington
Watonwan
Wilkin
Winona
Wright
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Wenck Associates, Inc.
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$4,826
Fund Source

This project will support the review of all public comments submitted for the North Fork Crow River TMDL and make appropriate edits and changes to the draft TMDL based on MPCA guidance.

Carver
Hennepin
Kandiyohi
McLeod
Meeker
Pope
Stearns
Wright
Recipient
North Fork Crow River Watershed District
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$65,810
Fund Source

The primary land use within the North Fork Crow River Watershed District is mainly row crop agriculture with extensive public and private drainage systems. A large portion of existing tile lines have open intakes that directly transport sediment and nutrients to open ditches leading to the North Fork Crow River (NFCR). The NFCR flows into Rice Lake that is impaired for aquatic recreation due to excessive nutrients.

Kandiyohi
Meeker
Pope
Stearns
Recipient
Wenck Associates, Inc.
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,524
Fund Source
The goal of this project is to add dual endpoints to the turbidity section of the North Fork Crow TMDL so that it addresses the proposed TSS standards.
Carver
Hennepin
Kandiyohi
McLeod
Meeker
Pope
Renville
Stearns
Wright
Recipient
Pioneer Sarah Creek Watershed District
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$103,415
Fund Source

This project will complete a Watershed Restoration and Protection (WRAP) Plan that includes a set of pollutant reduction and watershed management strategies to achieve water quality standards for the listed pollutants, and that are understood and adoptable by local units of government and other stakeholders. This project will also provide an important water quality framework for civic and citizen engagement and communication, which will contribute to long-term public participation in surface water protection and restoration activities throughout the watershed.

Carver
Hennepin
Kandiyohi
McLeod
Meeker
Pope
Renville
Sibley
Stearns
Wright
Recipient
Emmons & Olivier Resources, Inc.
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$2,034
Fund Source

The goal of this project is to respond to public comments on the Pope County Eight Lakes TMDL and make appropriate changes where necessary.

Chippewa
Douglas
Grant
Kandiyohi
Otter Tail
Pope
Stearns
Stevens
Swift