Minnesota's Legacy

All Projects

Showing 1 - 40 of 49 | Export projects
Recipient
LimnoTech
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$54,696
Fund Source

The goal of the project is the development of an overall strategy for reduction of turbidity/TSS, with sets of sediment reduction initiatives and actions for various sources, to address the Minnesota River Turbidity TMDL and the South Metro Mississippi River TSS TMDL.

Big Stone
Blue Earth
Brown
Carver
Chippewa
Cottonwood
Dakota
Hennepin
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
Le Sueur
Lincoln
Lyon
McLeod
Nicollet
Ramsey
Redwood
Renville
Rice
Scott
Sibley
Stevens
Swift
Traverse
Watonwan
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Arrowhead Library System
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$266,057
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$273,267

Minnesota’s 12 regional public library systems, which encompass 350 public libraries in all areas of the state, benefit from a portion of the Legacy Amendment’s Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund. Through State Library Services, a division of the Minnesota Department of Education, each regional public library system receives a formula-driven allocation from the annual $3 million Minnesota Regional Library Legacy Grant.

Carlton
Cook
Itasca
Koochiching
Lake
Lake of the Woods
St. Louis
Recipient
Arrowhead Library System
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$261,461
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$261,461

Minnesota’s 12 regional public library systems, which encompass 350 public libraries in all areas of the state, benefit from a portion of the Legacy Amendment’s Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund. Through State Library Services, a division of the Minnesota Department of Education, each regional public library system receives a formula-driven allocation from the annual $3 million Minnesota Regional Library Legacy Grant.

Carlton
Cook
Itasca
Koochiching
Lake
Lake of the Woods
St. Louis
Recipient
Arrowhead Library System
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$190,723
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$184,244

Minnesota’s twelve regional library systems, which encompass more than 350 public libraries in all areas of the state, can benefit from a portion of the Legacy Amendment’s Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund. Through State Library Services, a division of the Minnesota Department of Education, each regional library system is eligible to receive a formula-driven allocation from the annual $2.2 million Minnesota Regional Library System Legacy Grant. Arrowhead Library System (ALS) is a federated regional public library system with central services located in northeastern Minnesota.

Carlton
Cook
Itasca
Koochiching
Lake
Lake of the Woods
St. Louis
Recipient
Arrowhead Library System
2018 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$215,058
2019 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$215,058

Minnesota's twelve regional library systems, which encompass more than 350 public libraries in all areas of the state, can benefit from a portion of the Legacy Amendment's Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund. Through State Library Services, a division of the Minnesota Department of Education, each regional library system is eligible to receive a formula-driven allocation from the annual $2.5 million Minnesota Regional Library System Legacy Grant. Arrowhead Library System (ALS) is a federated regional public library system with central services located in northeastern Minnesota.

Carlton
Cook
Itasca
Koochiching
Lake
Lake of the Woods
St. Louis
Recipient
Chicano Latino Affairs Council
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$112,500

The Chicano Latino Affairs Council and the Humanities Center will build on the grant received last year, which was intended to identify the elements of success in programs for Latino high school students and ways to replicate them. Applying the findings of CLAC's and HACER's research, CLAC will integrate its biennium goal of improving levels of educational achievement for Latino youth with the Legacy goal of enriching Minnesota’s cultural legacy by piloting the program in two Minnesota schools.

Dakota
Hennepin
Ramsey
Rice
Recipient
MN DNR
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$300,000
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$300,000

PROJECT OVERVIEW

Anoka
Blue Earth
Clay
Nicollet
Renville
Sibley
Wright
Recipient
Dakota County Water Resources Department- Jill V. Trescott, (952) 891-7019
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,838
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$23,176
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$36,554
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$35,572
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$36,122
Fund Source

This project provides information to better understand nitrogen fertilizer management and the potential impacts to local groundwater.

Goals:

Dakota
Recipient
Minnesota Department of Agriculture
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$199,726
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$196,480
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$233,500
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$200,000
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$200,000
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$250,000
Fund Source

The Discovery Farms program is a farmer-led effort to gather information on soil and nutrient loss on farms in different settings across Minnesota. The mission of Discovery Farms Minnesota is to gather water quality information under real-world conditions.

Blue Earth
Chisago
Dodge
Goodhue
Kandiyohi
Norman
Renville
Rock
Stearns
Wilkin
Wright
Recipient
Metropolitan Council/Barr Engineering Company
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$35,246
2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$31,754
Fund Source

On behalf of the Metropolitan Council, Barr Engineering Company developed maps and supporting information to characterize the relationship between surface waters and groundwater, identifying surface waters most likely to be impacted by groundwater withdrawals in the region. This project also provided guidance on effective resource monitoring strategies and costs for each type of surface water feature.

Anoka
Carver
Chisago
Dakota
Hennepin
Isanti
Ramsey
Scott
Sherburne
Washington
Wright
Recipient
University of Minnesota
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$175,000
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$175,000

PROJECT OVERVIEW

Aitkin
Becker
Beltrami
Benton
Carlton
Cass
Clearwater
Cook
Crow Wing
Hubbard
Itasca
Koochiching
Lake
Lake of the Woods
Mahnomen
Marshall
Morrison
Otter Tail
Pennington
Pine
Polk
Red Lake
Roseau
St. Louis
Todd
Wadena
Recipient
National Eagle Center
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$30,000
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$30,000

PROJECT OVERVIEW

Dakota
Fillmore
Goodhue
Houston
Olmsted
Rice
Wabasha
Winona
Recipient
Minnesota Historical Society
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$62,465
In the third year of this project, MNHS staff continued to inventory and rehouse archaeological collections from Historic Fort Snelling. As part of MNHS involvement with the University of Minnesota's Heritage Collaborative, student interns spent the 2015 fall semester assisting project staff with inventory and research. Artifact data was shared with University faculty for use in their courses. To date, over 98,000 catalog records have been created, describing more than 180,000 artifacts recovered during archaeological excavations at Historic Fort Snelling.
Hennepin
Dakota
Ramsey
Recipient
Metropolitan Council/University of Minnesota - St. Anthony Falls Laboratory
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$66,340
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$33,438
Fund Source

The Twin Cities metropolitan area has a rich history and connection with its waters. In an effort to keep surface waters clean, a wide variety of stormwater practices have been developed and installed throughout the metro in recent years. Many of these, such as rain gardens and infiltration basins and trenches, are intended to reduce the total runoff volume by infiltrating stormwater. Six to seven aquifers underlie the metro area and provide residents with drinking water.

Anoka
Carver
Dakota
Hennepin
Ramsey
Scott
Washington
Recipient
Lake Agassiz Regional Library
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$129,394
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$170,496

Minnesota’s 12 regional public library systems, which encompass 350 public libraries in all areas of the state, benefit from a portion of the Legacy Amendment’s Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund. Through State Library Services, a division of the Minnesota Department of Education, each regional public library system receives a formula-driven allocation from the annual $3 million Minnesota Regional Library Legacy Grant.

Becker
Clay
Clearwater
Mahnomen
Norman
Polk
Wilkin
Recipient
Lake Agassiz Regional Library
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$128,667
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$128,667

Minnesota’s 12 regional public library systems, which encompass 350 public libraries in all areas of the state, benefit from a portion of the Legacy Amendment’s Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund. Through State Library Services, a division of the Minnesota Department of Education, each regional public library system receives a formula-driven allocation from the annual $3 million Minnesota Regional Library Legacy Grant.

Becker
Clay
Clearwater
Mahnomen
Norman
Polk
Wilkin
Recipient
Lake Agassiz Regional Library
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$94,088
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$91,216

Minnesota’s twelve regional library systems, which encompass more than 350 public libraries in all areas of the state, can benefit from a portion of the Legacy Amendment’s Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund. Through State Library Services, a division of the Minnesota Department of Education, each regional library system is eligible to receive a formula-driven allocation from the annual $2.2 million Minnesota Regional Library System Legacy Grant. Lake Agassiz Regional Library (LARL) is a consolidated regional public library system in northwestern Minnesota.

Becker
Clay
Clearwater
Mahnomen
Norman
Polk
Wilkin
Recipient
Lake Agassiz Regional Library
2018 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$106,777
2019 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$106,777

Minnesota's twelve regional library systems, which encompass more than 350 public libraries in all areas of the state, can benefit from a portion of the Legacy Amendment's Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund. Through State Library Services, a division of the Minnesota Department of Education, each regional library system is eligible to receive a formula-driven allocation from the annual $2.5 million Minnesota Regional Library System Legacy Grant. Lake Agassiz Regional Library (LARL) is a consolidated regional public library system in northwestern Minnesota.

Becker
Clay
Clearwater
Mahnomen
Norman
Polk
Wilkin
Recipient
Metropolitan Council/Minnesota Geological Survey
2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$23,181
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$27,850
Fund Source

On behalf of the Metropolitan Council, the Minnesota Geological Survey evaluated the vulnerability of glacial aquifers in the Twin Cities metropolitan area. The project improved upon previous vulnerability assessments by incorporating a substantial amount of new aquifer property information and blending methods previously used by the Minnesota Departments of Health and Natural Resources. The result is a consistent vulnerability assessment across the metropolitan area based on the most up-to-date information available.

Anoka
Carver
Chisago
Dakota
Hennepin
Isanti
Ramsey
Scott
Sherburne
Washington
Wright
Recipient
Minnesota Land Trust
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$100,000

Project Outcome and Results
The Metro Conservation Corridors (MeCC) Partnership completed its fifth phase of work to accelerate protection and restoration of remaining high-quality natural lands in the greater Twin Cities metropolitan area. Work was accomplished by strategically coordinating and focusing conservation efforts within a connected network of critical lands that stretches from the area's urban core to its rural perimeter, including portions of 16 counties.

Anoka
Carver
Chisago
Dakota
Goodhue
Hennepin
Recipient
Minnesota Land Trust
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$20,000
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$20,000

The Minnesota Land Trust provides coordination, mapping, and data management for the Metropolitan Conservation Corridors partnership. Funds are being used to coordinate the partnership, guide strategic outreach and implementation efforts, manage project data, and provide reporting and mapping of accomplishments.

Anoka
Carver
Chisago
Dakota
Goodhue
Hennepin
Isanti
Le Sueur
Nicollet
Ramsey
Rice
Scott
Sherburne
Sibley
Washington
Wright
2019 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$0
2018 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$0
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$0
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$0
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$0
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$0
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$0
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,000,000
2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$4,000,000
Fund Source

This project will establish a groundwater monitoring network in the 11 county metropolitan area. The network will provide information about aquifer characteristics and natural water trends by monitoring healthy aquifers (non-stressed systems). The project will also develop an automated system that captures groundwater level and water use data. This system will enhance evaluation of changes in aquifers that are stressed by pumping from existing wells.

Anoka
Carver
Chisago
Dakota
Hennepin
Isanti
Ramsey
Scott
Washington
Wright
Sherburne
Recipient
Metropolitan Library Service Agency
2018 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$965,841
2019 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$965,841

Minnesota's twelve regional library systems, which encompass more than 350 public libraries in all areas of the state, can benefit from a portion of the Legacy Amendment's Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund. Through State Library Services, a division of the Minnesota Department of Education, each regional library system is eligible to receive a formula-driven allocation from the annual $2.5 million Minnesota Regional Library System Legacy Grant. Metropolitan Library Service Agency (MELSA) is a federated regional public library system in the Twin Cities Metro Area in central Minnesota.

Anoka
Carver
Dakota
Hennepin
Ramsey
Scott
Washington
Recipient
Metropolitan Library Service Agency
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$996,000
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$955,296

Minnesota’s 12 regional public library systems, which encompass 350 public libraries in all areas of the state, benefit from a portion of the Legacy Amendment’s Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund. Through State Library Services, a division of the Minnesota Department of Education, each regional public library system receives a formula-driven allocation from the annual $3 million Minnesota Regional Library Legacy Grant.

Anoka
Carver
Dakota
Hennepin
Ramsey
Scott
Washington
Recipient
Metropolitan Library Service Agency
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,141,083
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,141,083

Minnesota’s 12 regional public library systems, which encompass 350 public libraries in all areas of the state, benefit from a portion of the Legacy Amendment’s Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund. Through State Library Services, a division of the Minnesota Department of Education, each regional public library system receives a formula-driven allocation from the annual $3 million Minnesota Regional Library Legacy Grant.

Anoka
Carver
Dakota
Hennepin
Ramsey
Scott
Washington
Recipient
Metropolitan Library Service Agency
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$844,624
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$821,725

Minnesota’s twelve regional library systems, which encompass more than 350 public libraries in all areas of the state, can benefit from a portion of the Legacy Amendment’s Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund. Through State Library Services, a division of the Minnesota Department of Education, each regional library system is eligible to receive a formula-driven allocation from the annual $2.2 million Minnesota Regional Library System Legacy Grant. Metropolitan Library Service Agency (MELSA) is a federated regional public library system in the Twin Cities Metro Area in central Minnesota.

Anoka
Carver
Dakota
Hennepin
Ramsey
Scott
Washington
Recipient
Renville Soil and Water Conservation District
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$6,990
Fund Source

The project will utilize GIS to analyze the Middle Minnesota River Watershed in Renville County to inventory conservation project potential in this watershed, then target priority projects for future funding. This project will create the opportunity to evaluate the watershed using the most advance scientific data available. Conservation practices that will be evaluated are wetland restorations, buffers and filter strips, sediment basins, grass waterways, and grade stabilization structures using LiDAR layers.

Renville
Recipient
MN DNR
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$2,100,000

The Minnesota County Biological Survey (MCBS) is an ongoing effort begun in 1987 by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (DNR) that is systematically surveying, county-by-county, the state's natural habitats. The effort identifies significant natural areas and collects and interprets data on the status, distribution, and ecology of plants, animals, and native plant communities throughout the state. Through 2009 surveys have been completed in 74 of Minnesota's 87 counties and have added nearly 17,000 new records of rare features to the DNR's information systems.

Beltrami
Clearwater
Cook
Koochiching
Lake
Lake of the Woods
St. Louis
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$0
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,350,000
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$1,350,000
2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$2,800,000
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$2,800,000
Fund Source

This project will create a high accuracy elevation dataset - critical for effectively planning and implementing water quality projects - for the state of Minnesota using LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) and geospatial mapping technologies. Although some areas of the state have been mapped previously, many counties remain unmapped or have insufficient or inadequate data. This multi-year project, to be completed in 2012, is a collaborative effort of Minnesota's Digital Elevation Committee and partners with county surveyors to ensure accuracy with ground-truthing.

Anoka
Benton
Carlton
Carver
Cook
Dakota
Goodhue
Hennepin
Isanti
Kanabec
Lake
Meeker
Mille Lacs
Morrison
Ramsey
Scott
Sherburne
St. Louis
Washington
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$100,000
2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$250,000
2010 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$250,000
Fund Source

The DNR has been charged by the legislature to develop rules that protect and manage the Mississippi River Corridor Critical Area (MRCCA) for natural resource, economic development, transportation, historic preservation, and other values. This project engages stakeholder groups in a public process to balance regulatory protections with local flexibility and control.

Anoka
Dakota
Hennepin
Ramsey
Washington
Recipient
Pioneerland Library System
2018 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$133,435
2019 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$133,435

Minnesota's twelve regional library systems, which encompass more than 350 public libraries in all areas of the state, can benefit from a portion of the Legacy Amendment's Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund. Through State Library Services, a division of the Minnesota Department of Education, each regional library system is eligible to receive a formula-driven allocation from the annual $2.5 million Minnesota Regional Library System Legacy Grant.

Big Stone
Chippewa
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
McLeod
Meeker
Renville
Swift
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Pioneerland Library System
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$109,693
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$110,682

Minnesota’s 12 regional public library systems, which encompass 350 public libraries in all areas of the state, benefit from a portion of the Legacy Amendment’s Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund. Through State Library Services, a division of the Minnesota Department of Education, each regional public library system receives a formula-driven allocation from the annual $3 million Minnesota Regional Library Legacy Grant.

Big Stone
Chippewa
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
McLeod
Meeker
Renville
Swift
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Pioneerland Library System
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$160,971
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$160,971

Minnesota’s 12 regional public library systems, which encompass 350 public libraries in all areas of the state, benefit from a portion of the Legacy Amendment’s Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund. Through State Library Services, a division of the Minnesota Department of Education, each regional public library system receives a formula-driven allocation from the annual $3 million Minnesota Regional Library Legacy Grant.

Big Stone
Chippewa
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
McLeod
Meeker
Renville
Swift
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Pioneerland Library System
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$117,126
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$113,127

Minnesota’s twelve regional library systems, which encompass more than 350 public libraries in all areas of the state, can benefit from a portion of the Legacy Amendment’s Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund. Through State Library Services, a division of the Minnesota Department of Education, each regional library system is eligible to receive a formula-driven allocation from the annual $2.2 million Minnesota Regional Library System Legacy Grant. Pioneerland Library System (PLS) is a consolidated regional public library system in west central Minnesota.

Big Stone
Chippewa
Kandiyohi
Lac qui Parle
McLeod
Meeker
Renville
Swift
Yellow Medicine
Recipient
Plum Creek Library System
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$78,678
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$78,620

Minnesota’s 12 regional public library systems, which encompass 350 public libraries in all areas of the state, benefit from a portion of the Legacy Amendment’s Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund. Through State Library Services, a division of the Minnesota Department of Education, each regional public library system receives a formula-driven allocation from the annual $3 million Minnesota Regional Library Legacy Grant.

Cottonwood
Jackson
Lincoln
Lyon
Murray
Nobles
Pipestone
Redwood
Rock
Recipient
Plum Creek Library System
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$137,113
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$137,113

Minnesota’s 12 regional public library systems, which encompass 350 public libraries in all areas of the state, benefit from a portion of the Legacy Amendment’s Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund. Through State Library Services, a division of the Minnesota Department of Education, each regional public library system receives a formula-driven allocation from the annual $3 million Minnesota Regional Library Legacy Grant.

Cottonwood
Jackson
Lincoln
Lyon
Murray
Nobles
Pipestone
Redwood
Rock
Recipient
Plum Creek Library System
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$99,969
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$97,912

Minnesota’s twelve regional library systems, which encompass more than 350 public libraries in all areas of the state, can benefit from a portion of the Legacy Amendment’s Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund. Through State Library Services, a division of the Minnesota Department of Education, each regional library system is eligible to receive a formula-driven allocation from the annual $2.2 million Minnesota Regional Library System Legacy Grant. Plum Creek Library System (PCLS) is a federated regional public library system with central services located in southwestern Minnesota.

Cottonwood
Jackson
Lincoln
Lyon
Murray
Nobles
Pipestone
Redwood
Rock
Recipient
Plum Creek Library System
2018 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$112,904
2019 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$112,904

Minnesota's twelve regional library systems, which encompass more than 350 public libraries in all areas of the state, can benefit from a portion of the Legacy Amendment's Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund. Through State Library Services, a division of the Minnesota Department of Education, each regional library system is eligible to receive a formula-driven allocation from the annual $2.5 million Minnesota Regional Library System Legacy Grant. Plum Creek Library System (PCLS) is a federated regional public library system with central services located in southwestern Minnesota.

Cottonwood
Jackson
Lincoln
Lyon
Murray
Nobles
Pipestone
Redwood
Rock
Recipient
Minnesota Department of Health
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$325,000
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$325,000
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$325,000
2018 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$400,000
Fund Source

Arsenic occurs naturally in soil and minerals and is commonly found in groundwater throughout much of Minnesota. The occurrence and distribution of arsenic in groundwater is difficult to predict. Research is steadily increasing our understanding of the mechanisms and geologic conditions that determine arsenic occurrence in groundwater. The arsenic concentration in a new well, measured at the time of construction, is sometimes higher or lower, compared to subsequent sampling results.

Anoka
Becker
Carlton
Carver
Clay
Hennepin
Mahnomen
McLeod
Meeker
Norman
Otter Tail
Sherburne
St. Louis
Wilkin
Wright
Recipient
Metropolitan Council/University of Minnesota
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$30,648
Fund Source

The Metropolitan Council, in conjunction with the University of Minnesota, is evaluating outdoor water use in the Twin Cities metro region - a subject which has come under the spotlight recently due to concerns related to water quality and quantity issues. In the Twin Cities, 20% of all treated drinking water is used outdoors, with a majority of this being used on lawns and landscapes. The goal of this proposal is to reduce water use in the home landscape by conducting assessments, research, and demonstration around the smart use of irrigation.

Anoka
Carver
Dakota
Hennepin
Ramsey
Scott
Washington