Minnesota's Legacy

Rosholt Farm

Project Details by Fiscal Year
2018 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$174,176
2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$135,031
2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$50,239
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$118,595
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$49,465
2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$84,354
2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$87,104
2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$23,883
Fund Source
Clean Water Fund
Recipient
Pope County Soil and Water Conservation District, Holly Kovarik, District Manager, 320-634-5327
Recipient Type
Local/Regional Government
Status
In Progress
Start Date
October 2010
End Date
June 2022
Activity Type
Demonstration/Pilot Project
Research
Counties Affected
Becker
Benton
Cass
Crow Wing
Douglas
Hubbard
Kandiyohi
Morrison
Otter Tail
Pope
Sherburne
Stearns
Todd
Wadena
Becker
Benton
Cass
Crow Wing
Douglas
Hubbard
Kandiyohi
Morrison
Otter Tail
Pope
Sherburne
Stearns
Todd
Wadena
Legal Citation / Subdivision
Minnesota Session Laws - 2019, 1st Special Session, CHAPTER 2--S.F. No. 3, Article 2
Appropriation Language

M. L. 2019: (d) $1,500,000 the first year and $1,500,000 the second year are for technical assistance, research, and demonstration projects on proper implementation of best management practices and more-precise information on nonpoint contributions to impaired waters and for grants to support on-farm demonstration of agricultural practices. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2024.

Legal Citation / Subdivision
Minnesota Session Laws - 2017, Regular Session, Chapter 91, Article 2, Section 3
Appropriation Language

M.L. 2017: (d) $1,125,000 the first year and $1,125,000 the second year are for technical assistance, research, and demonstration projects on proper implementation of best management practices and more precise information on nonpoint contributions to impaired waters and for grants to support on-farm demonstration of agricultural practices. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2022.

Legal Citation / Subdivision
Minnesota Session Laws - 2017, Regular Session, Chapter 91, Article 2, Section 3
Appropriation Language

M.L. 2017: (d) $1,125,000 the first year and $1,125,000 the second year are for technical assistance, research, and demonstration projects on proper implementation of best management practices and more precise information on nonpoint contributions to impaired waters and for grants to support on-farm demonstration of agricultural practices. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2022.

2018 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$174,176
Administration costs
$0
Number of full time equivalents funded
see "Statewide Groundwater and Drinking Water Protection"
Legal Citation / Subdivision
Minnesota Session Laws - 2015, 1st Special Session, Chapter 2, Article 2, Section 3
Appropriation Language

M.L. 2015: (d) $1,125,000 the first year and $1,125,000 the second year are for technical assistance, research, and demonstration projects on proper implementation of best management practices and more precise information on nonpoint contributions to impaired waters. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2020

2017 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$135,031
Administration costs
$0
Number of full time equivalents funded
see "Statewide Groundwater and Drinking Water Protection"
Legal Citation / Subdivision
M.L 2015, First Special Session, Chapter 2, Article 2, Section 3
Appropriation Language

(b) $2,586,000 the first year and $2,585,000 the second year are for monitoring and evaluating trends in the concentration of nitrate in groundwater in areas vulnerable to groundwater degradation; monitoring for pesticides when nitrate is detected; promoting, developing, and evaluating regional and crop-specific nutrient best management practices; assessing best management practice adoption; education and technical support from University of Minnesota Extension; and other actions to protect groundwater from degradation from nitrate. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2018.

2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$50,239
Administration costs
$0
Number of full time equivalents funded
see "Statewide Groundwater and Drinking Water Protection"
Description of Funds
Funds reported on this page support a Joint Powers Agreement (JPA) with Pope County SWCD.
Legal Citation / Subdivision
M.L. 2013- Chapter 137, Article 2, Section 3
Appropriation Language

M.L.2013: (b) $2,500,000 the first year and $2,500,000 the second year are to increase monitoring and evaluate trends in the concentration of nitrates in groundwater in areas vulnerable to groundwater degradation, including a substantial increase of monitoring of private wells in cooperation with the commissioner of health, monitoring for pesticides when nitrates are detected, and promoting and evaluating regional and crop-specific nutrient best management practices to protect groundwater from degradation.

2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$118,595
Administration costs
$0
Number of full time equivalents funded
see "Statewide Groundwater and Drinking Water Protection"
Measurable Outcome(s)

Measurable outcomes are reported at the end of the fiscal year

Description of Funds
Funds reported on this page support a Joint Powers Agreement (JPA) with Pope County SWCD.
Source of Additional Funds

Additional funding and in-kind work for this project is provided by Prairie Lakes Co-op (Elrosa) and the University of Minnesota

Recipient Board Members
Pope County SWCD Board of Supervisors:

D. Gary Reents, Public Relations, (320) 554-3328; Keith Nygaard, Chairman, (320) 239-4279; Randy Peterson, Secretary, (320) 634-4737; Tom Talle, Treasurer; Mike Billehus, Vice Chairman

Legal Citation / Subdivision
M.L. 2013- Chapter 137, Article 2, Section 3
Appropriation Language

M.L.2013: (b) $2,500,000 the first year and $2,500,000 the second year are to increase monitoring and evaluate trends in the concentration of nitrates in groundwater in areas vulnerable to groundwater degradation, including a substantial increase of monitoring of private wells in cooperation with the commissioner of health, monitoring for pesticides when nitrates are detected, and promoting and evaluating regional and crop-specific nutrient best management practices to protect groundwater from degradation.

2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$49,465
Administration costs
$0
Number of full time equivalents funded
see "Statewide Groundwater and Drinking Water Protection"
Proposed Measurable Outcome(s)
  • Number of field days, presentations and other educational events that  promote local BMPs and the number of farmers and crop advisors that attend those
  • Number of different stakeholder groups engaged in nitrate monitoring and reduction activities
  • BMPs for coarse-textured soils are revised using data from the Rosholt Farm site

  • Percent of surveyed crop advisors and co-op dealers that are aware of newly revised and currently available BMPs
Measurable Outcome(s)
  • Number of field days, presentations and other educational events that  promote local BMPs and the number of farmers and crop advisors that attend (6 events, 535 participants)
  • Number of different stakeholder groups engaged in nitrate monitoring and reduction activities (4 at the Rosholt Farm, statewide the MDA works with over 25 local partners on groundwater protection activities)

 

Description of Funds
Funds reported on this page support a Joint Powers Agreement (JPA) with Pope County SWCD.
Source of Additional Funds

Additional funding and in-kind work for this project is provided by Prairie Lakes Co-op (Elrosa) and the University of Minnesota

Recipient Board Members
Pope County SWCD Board of Supervisors:


Keith Nygaard, Chairman, (320) 239-4279; Mike Billehus, Vice Chairman, (320) 239-2051; Randy Peterson, Secretary, (320) 634-4737; Tom Talle, Treasurer, (320) 278-3770; D. Gary Reents, Public Relations,(320) 554-3328
Legal Citation / Subdivision
M.L. 2011, Chapter 6, Article 2, Sec.3
Appropriation Language

M.L.2011: (b) $850, 000 the first year and $850,000 the second year are to increase monitoring and evaluate trends in the concentration of nitrate in groundwater in high-risk areas and regionally and to promote and evaluate regional and crop-specific nutrient best management practices. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2016.

2013 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$84,354
Administration costs
$0
Number of full time equivalents funded
see "Statewide Groundwater and Drinking Water Protection"
Description of Funds
Funds reported on this page support a Joint Powers Agreement (JPA) with Pope County SWCD.
Legal Citation / Subdivision
M.L. 2011, Chapter 6, Article 2, Sec.3
Appropriation Language

M.L.2011: (b) $850, 000 the first year and $850,000 the second year are to increase monitoring and evaluate trends in the concentration of nitrate in groundwater in high-risk areas and regionally and to promote and evaluate regional and crop-specific nutrient best management practices. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2016.

2012 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$87,104
Administration costs
$0
Number of full time equivalents funded
see "Statewide Groundwater and Drinking Water Protection"
Description of Funds
Funds reported on this page support a Joint Powers Agreement (JPA) with Pope County SWCD.
Recipient Board Members
Pope County SWCD Board of Supervisors:

D. Gary Reents, Chairman, (320) 554-3328; Keith Nygaard, Vice Chair, (320) 239-4279; Ralph J. Peterson, Secretary, (320) 634-1945; Tom Talle, Treasurer; Mike Billehus, Public Relations

Legal Citation / Subdivision
M.L. 2009, Chapter 172, Article 2, Sec. 2
Appropriation Language

M.L. 2009: (c) $375,000 the first year and $750,000 the second year are to increase groundwater and drinking water protection from agricultural chemicals, primarily nutrients.

2011 Fiscal Year Funding Amount
$23,883
Other Funds Leveraged
$125,000
Administration costs
$0
Number of full time equivalents funded
see "Statewide Groundwater and Drinking Water Protection"
Description of Funds
Funds reported on this page support a Joint Powers Agreement (JPA) with Pope County SWCD.
Source of Additional Funds

Additional funding for this project is provided by Prairie Lakes Co-op (Elrosa) and the University of Minnesota

Recipient Board Members
Pope County SWCD Board of Supervisors:

D. Gary Reents, Chairman, (320) 554-3328; Keith Nygaard, Vice Chair, (320) 239-4279; Ralph J. Peterson, Secretary, (320) 634-1945; Tom Talle, Treasurer; Mike Billehus, Public Relations
Project Overview

The Minnesota Department of Agriculture (MDA) is working with partners at the Rosholt Research Farm in Westport, Minnesota to develop guidance and provide education on irrigation and nitrogen best management practices and the associated water quality impacts on irrigated, sandy soils.

The MDA has a joint powers agreement with Pope Soil and Water Conservation District to support work at the Rosholt Research Farm. Project partners are working with the University of Minnesota on three main research projects:

1. Nitrogen, Cover Crop, and Water Quality Research

GOAL: To evaluate crop yield and water quality impacts of nitrogen management, cover crops and living mulches in irrigated corn and soybean.

The study evaluates the impact of nitrogen fertilizer management and a living mulch (kura clover), cover crop (winter rye) or no cover crop on nitrate leaching and yield for irrigated row crops.

2. Variable Irrigation and Nitrogen Rate Interaction Study

GOAL: To optimize nitrogen rate and irrigation water management and to quantify their water quality and crop yield impacts.

The study evaluates the interaction between nitrogen rate and irrigation water management to determine water quality and grain yield impacts, optimum nitrogen rate, and water use efficiency. The study will also evaluate methods for in season remote sensing based water and nitrogen diagnosis.

3. Evaluation of four irrigation scheduling methods

GOAL: To identify and develop irrigation strategies that increase crop water use efficiency and reduce nitrate leaching without impacting crop yield.

The study evaluates four different strategies for agricultural water management, will develop an easy-to-use, simple and inexpensive tool for irrigation management based on soil matric potential and will promote the best irrigation management scheduler through outreach and education events.

This project is funded through the Clean Water Research Program, to learn more please visit the project web page.

To learn more about the Rosholt Farm projects and other efforts to protect groundwater and drinking water, visit the Minnesota Department's Clean Water Fund webpage or go directly to the Rosholt Farm webpage on the MDA's website.

 

About the Issue

Nitrate-nitrogen occurs naturally in groundwater at low levels across Minnesota. Elevated levels of nitrate have been found in Minnesota groundwater, mainly in areas where well construction, presence of bedrock near the surface or coarse-textured soil allows for rapid movement of nitrate from the surface down to groundwater resources.  One source of elevated nitrate can be nitrogen fertilizer, especially when applied to sandy soils where the groundwater is vulnerable to contamination. The use of nitrogen and irrigation best management practices help reduce the risk of these nitrogen losses.

Project Details

The Rosholt Research Farm is located in Pope County near Westport, Minnesota. The farm's sandy soils and need for supplemental irrigation typifies the challenges that many crop producers face on the outwash sands of west-central and central Minnesota. The farm is approximately 40 acres in size.

The Rosholt Farm is dedicated to agricultural research and education related to irrigation and nitrogen best management practices. Researchers focus on regional issues and agricultural practices that are typical in an area. Researchers address challenges and opportunities for producers in the central sands region of Minnesota. The farm hosts field days during the cropping season. Also, information from the projects continually informs the important University of Minnesota nitrogen fertilizer recommendations specific to irrigated, sandy soils.

Project Manager
First Name
Jeppe
Last Name
Kjaersgaard
Organization Name
Minnesota Department of Agriculture
Street Address
625 Robert Street North
City
St. Paul
State
MN
Zip Code
55155
Phone
651-201-6149
Email
Jeppe.Kjaersgaard@state.mn.us